Shine S, Muhamud S, Adanew S, Demelash A, Abate M, 2020. Prevalence and associated factors of diarrhea among under-five children in Debre Berhan town, Ethiopia 2018: a cross sectional study. BMC Infect Dis 20: 174.
Elliot EJ , 2007. Acute gastroenteritis in children. BMJ 334: 35–40.
O’Ryan M , Lucero Y , O’Ryan-Soriano M , Ashkenazi S , 2010. An update on the management of severe acute infectious gastroenteritis in children. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 8: 671–682.
Van Metre DC , Tennant BC , Whitlock RH , Divers TJ , Peek SF Rebhun’s Disease of Dairy Cattle, 2nd edition. Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders, 200–294.
Ryan KJ , George RC , 2004. Sherris Medical Biology: An Introduction to Infectious Diseases, 4th edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Professional Med/Tech.
Menard R , Prevost MC , Gounon P , Sansonetti P , Dehio C , 1996. The secreted Ipa complex of Shigella flexneri promotes entry into mammalian cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 1254–1258.
High N , Mounier J , Prevost MC , Sansonetti PJ , 1992. IpaB of Shigella flexneri causes entry into epithelial cells and escape from the phagocytic vacuole. EMBO J 11: 1991–1999.
Enweronu-Laryea CC , Sagoe KWC , Glover-Addy H , Asmah RH , Mingle JA , Armah GE , 2012. Prevalence of severe acute rotavirus gastroenteritis and intussusceptions in Ghanaian children under 5 years of age. J Infect Dev Countries 6: 148–155.
Fukushima H , Tsunomori Y , Seki R , 2003. Duplex real-time SYBR green PCR assays for detection of 17 species of food-or waterborne pathogens in stools. J Clin Microbiol 41: 5134–5146.
|Past two years||Past Year||Past 30 Days|
|Full Text Views||56||29||1|
Diarrhea is a notable global health problem in several developing countries, especially in children. Prior to the introduction of the rotavirus vaccination program in Ghana, a surveillance study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of the disease caused by rotavirus in children. In this report, we re-used archival stool samples from the pre-vaccine surveillance study to provide information on prevalence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in Ghanaian children. Re-analysis of the stool samples revealed co-infection of enterotoxigenic E. coli and rotavirus in 2% of the children whose samples were selected for this study. As Ghana is approaching 10 years post-implementation of the rotavirus vaccination program, the preliminary data presented in this report are a vital reference for subsequent studies aimed at ascertaining the effect of the vaccine on both rotavirus and enterotoxigenic E. coli.
Authors’ addresses: Bartholomew Dzudzor, Albert Amenyedor, and Vincent Amarh, Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Ghana Medical School, Korle-Bu, Ghana, E-mails: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, and email@example.com. George E. Armah, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.