• 1.

    World Health Organization, 2020. Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis). Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Available at: http://www.who.int/chagas/en/. Accessed May 5, 2020.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Chagas C, 1909. Nova tripanozomiaze humana: estudos sobre a morfolojia e o ciclo evolutivo do Schizotrypanum cruzi n. gen., n. sp., ajente etiolojico de nova entidade morbida do homem. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 1: 159218.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Galvão C, 2014. Vetores da doença de Chagas no Brasil. Curitiba, Brazil: Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia.

  • 4.

    Dorn PL, Just AS, Dale C, Stevens L, Galvão C, Cordon RL, Monroy C, 2018. Description of Triatoma mopan sp. n. (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) from a cave in Belize. Zookeys 775: 6995.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Lima-Cordón RA, Monroy MC, Stevens L, Rodas A, Rodas GA, Dorni PL, Justi AS, 2019. Description of Triatoma huehuetenanguensis sp. n., a potential Chagas disease vector (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae). Zookeys 820: 5170.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Nascimento JD et al. 2019. Taxonomical over splitting in the Rhodnius prolixus (Insecta: Hemiptera: Reduviidae) clade: are R. taquarussuensis (da Rosa et al., 2017) and R. neglectus (Lent, 1954) the same species? PLoS One 14: 0211285.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Oliveira J, Ayala JM, Justi SA, Rosa JA, Galvão C, 2018. Description of a new species of Nesotriatoma Usinger, 1944 from Cuba and revalidation of synonymy between Nesotriatoma bruneri (Usinger, 1944) and N. flavida (Neiva, 1911) (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae). J Vect Ecol 43: 148157.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Poinar G, 2019. A primitive triatomine bug, Paleotriatoma metaxytaxa gen. et sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae), in mid-Cretaceous amber from northern Myanmar. Cretac Res 93: 9097.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Gorla D, Noireau F, 2017. Geographic distribution of Triatominae vectors in America. Telleria J, Tibayrenc M, eds. American Trypanosomiasis Chagas Disease. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier, 197221.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Souza EDS, Von Atzingen NCB, Furtado MB, Oliveira JD, Nascimento JD, Vendrami DP, Gardim S, Rosa JA, 2016. Description of Rhodnius marabaensis sp. n. (Hemiptera, Reduviidade, Triatominae) from Pará State, Brazil. ZooKeys 621: 4562.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Dujardin JP, Schofield CJ, Tibayrenc M, 1998. Population structure of Andean Triatoma infestans: allozyme frequencies and their epidemiological relevance. Med Vet Entomol 12: 2029.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Schofield CJ, 1998. Biosystematics of the Triatominae. Service MW, ed. Biosystematics of Haematophagous Insects. Oxford, England: Claredon Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Pessoa GCD, Rosa ACL, Bedin C, Wilhelms T, Mello F, Coutinho HS, Fonseca EOL, Santos RF, Diotaiuti L, 2015. Susceptibility characterization of residual Brazilian populations of Triatoma infestans Klug, 1834 (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) to deltamethrin pyrethroid. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 48: 157161.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Vinhaes MC, Dias JCP, 2000. Chagas disease in Brazil. Cad Saude Publica 16: 712.

  • 15.

    Dias JC, Silveira AC, Schofield CJ, 2002. The impact of Chagas disease control in Latin America: a review. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 97: 603612.

  • 16.

    Lent H, Wygodzinsky P, 1979. Revision of the Triatominae (Hemiptera, Reduviidae), and their significance as vectors of Chagas’ disease. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 163: 123520.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Borsatto KC, Azeredo-Oliveira MTV, Alevi KCC, 2019. CytoKey: identification key for the Chagas disease vectors of the largest Brazilian urban center, based on cytogenetics data. Am J Trop Med Hyg 101: 113115.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    Borsatto KC, Azeredo-Oliveira MTV, Alevi KCC, 2018. Identification key for the Chagas disease vectors of five Brazilian states, based on cytogenetics data. Am J Trop Med Hyg 100: 303305.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Santos CB, Leite GR, Ferreira GEM, Ferreira AL, 2006. Infecção natural de Triatoma vitticeps (Stal, 1859) por flagelados morfologicamente semelhantes a Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas, 1909) no Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 39: 8991.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Santos UM, Pinto AFS, Almeida AZ, Zanganelli FL, Carrancho PV, Netto NA, 1969. Doença de Chagas no estado do Espírito Santo–III–Vetores do tripanosoma. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 3: 5152.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Barros GC, Mayrink W, Abreu Salgado AA, Barros RCG, Sessa PA, 1975. Contribuição para o conhecimento da doença de Chagas autóctone no estado do Espírito Santo. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 17: 319329.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Sessa PA, Pimentel RR, Ferreira AL, Falqueto A, 2002. Soroprevalência da doença de Chagas em crianças em idade escolar do Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil, em 1999–2000. Cad Saúde Púb 18: 17651769.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23.

    Barros GC, Sessa PA, Barros RC, Matos EA, 1980. Inquérito sorológico sobre doença de Chagas no banco de sangue do hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Rev Pat Trop 9: 153156.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Madeira FF, Menezes ALR, Jesus AC, Moraes MHS, Oliveira J, Rosa JA, Camargo LMA, Meneguetti DLO, Berrnarde PS, 2020. First report of Rhodnius montenegrensis (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) in Amazonas, Brazil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 53: 20190436.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Ramos LJ, Souza JL, Souza CR, Oliveira J, Rosa JA, Camargo LMA, Cunha RM, Meneguetti DUO, 2018. First report of Triatoma sordida Stål, 1859 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) in the State of Acre and Brazilian western Amazon. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 51: 7779.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Ramos LJ, Castro GVS, Souza JL, Oliveira J, Rosa JA, Camargo LMA, Cunha RM, Meneguetti DUO, 2018. First report of Rhodnius neglectus (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) from the State of Acre, Brazil, and the Brazilian western Amazon region. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 51: 212214.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27.

    Meneguetti DUO, Castro GVS, Souza JL, Oliveira J, Rosa JA, Camargo LMA, 2016. First report of Rhodnius stali (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) in the State of Acre and in the Brazilian Amazon. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 49: 365368.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    Meneguetti DUO, Tojal SD, Miranfda PRM, Rosa JA, Camargo LMA, 2015. First report of Rhodnius montenegrensis (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) in the State of Acre, Brazil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 48: 471473.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29.

    Castro MALR, Castro GVS, Souza JL, Souza CR, Ramos LJ, Oliveira J, Rosa JA, Camargo LMA, 2018. First report of Panstrongylus megistus (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) in the State of Acre and Rondônia, Amazon, Brazil. Acta Trop 182: 158160.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30.

    Oliveira AS, Ribeiro MAL, Castro GVS, Brilhante NA, Camargo LMA, Meneguetti DUO, 2019. Confirmation of the occurrence of Panstrongylus rufotuberculatus in the state of Acre, western Amazon. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 52: e20180388.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31.

    Ribeiro MAL, Castro GVS, Souza JL, Cardoso AS, Madeira FP, Camargo LMA, Meneguetti DUO, 2019. First report of Panstrongylus lignarius (Walker, 1873) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) in the State of Acre, Brazil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 52: e20180307.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32.

    Terassini FA, Stefanello C, Camargo LMA, Meneguetti DUO, 2017. First report of Panstrongylus lignarius Walker, 1873 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae), in the State of Rondônia, Brazil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 50: 547549.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 33.

    Abad-Franch F, Pavan MG, Jaramillo N, Palomeque FS, Dale C, Chaverra D, Monteiro FA, 2013. Rhodnius barretti, a new species of Triatominae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) from western Amazonia. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 108: 9299.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chagas Disease Vectors of Espírito Santo, Brazil: First Report of Triatoma infestans (Klug, 1834) (Hemiptera, Triatominae) in the Brazilian State and Development of an Identification Key Based on Cytogenetic Data

View More View Less
  • 1 Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Laboratório de Parasitologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho” (UNESP), Araraquara, Brazil

ABSTRACT

Chagas disease is a potentially life-threatening illness caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted, mainly, by hematophagous insects of the Triatominae subfamily. In Brazil, there are currently about 66 triatomine species distributed throughout the country’s 27 states. Triatoma infestans is considered as a species of great vectorial importance, mainly because of its biological characteristics, such as the high degree of anthropophilia, adaptation to the home environment, ability to withstand long periods of fasting, and present a wide geographical distribution. Taking into account the epidemiological importance of these species, we carried out the first report of T. infestans in the Espírito Santo, Brazil, and development of an identification key for all species notified in that state, based on cytogenetic data. This information is important because they contribute to the direction of epidemiological surveillance activities carried out by vector control programs of the Espírito Santo, Brazil.

Author Notes

Address correspondence to Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Laboratório de Parasitologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho,” FCFAR/UNESP, Rodovia Araraquara-Jaú km 1, Araraquara 14801-902, Brazil. E-mail: kaiochaboli@hotmail.com

Authors’ addresses: Jader de Oliveira, João Aristeu da Rosa, and Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Laboratório de Parasitologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho” (UNESP), Araraquara, Brazil, E-mails: jdr.oliveira@hotmail.com, joaoaristeu@gmail.com, and kaiochaboli@hotmail.com.

Save