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Case Report: Refractory Shock due to Fulminant Dengue Myocarditis Treated with Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: A Report of Four Cases

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  • 1 Réanimation Polyvalente, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Félix Guyon, Saint Denis, France;
  • 2 Chirurgie Cardio-thoracique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Félix Guyon, Saint Denis, France;
  • 3 Service de Cardiologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Felix Guyon, Saint Denis, France;
  • 4 Département d’informatique Clinique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Félix Guyon, Saint Denis, France

ABSTRACT

Dengue disease is found worldwide and has been spreading exponentially in the past decades. Severe forms affect about 2% of patients, sometimes leading to organ failure. Recent studies have shown that fulminant dengue myocarditis is more common than previously thought, and fatal cases have been reported. The treatment of fulminant dengue myocarditis remains supportive and is very challenging in cases of cardiogenic shock. Here, we describe four cases presenting with fulminant dengue myocarditis treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, among two survived.

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Author Notes

Address correspondence to Laura Teysseyre, Réanimation Polyvalente, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Félix Guyon, Allée des Topazes, Saint Denis 97400, France. E-mail: laura.teysseyre@gmail.com

Authors’ addresses: Laura Teysseyre, Yael Levy, Amélie Renou, Charles Vidal, and Julien Jabot, Réanimation Polyvalente, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Félix Guyon, Saint Denis, France, E-mails: laura.teysseyre@gmail.com, l.yael@hotmail.fr, amelie.renou@chu-reunion.fr, charles.vidal@chu-reunion.fr, and julien.jabot@chu-reunion.fr. Mathilde Larghi and Guillaume Biland, Chirurgie Cardio-thoracique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Félix Guyon, Saint Denis, France, E-mails: larghi.mathilde@chu-reunion.fr and biland.guillaume@chu-reunion.fr. Nicolas Ledieu, Service de Cardiologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Felix Guyon, Saint Denis, France, E-mail: ledieu.nicolas@chu-reunion.fr. Nicolas Allou and Jérôme Allyn, Réanimation Polyvalente, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Félix Guyon, Saint Denis, France, and Département d’informatique Clinique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Félix Guyon, Saint Denis, France, E-mails: nicolas.allou@hotmail.fr and allyn.jer@gmail.com.

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