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Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and MBL-associated serine protease-2 (MASP-2) are important proteins in the lectin pathway of the immune system. Mannose-binding lectin and MASP-2 deficiencies have been reported to be responsible for various fungal infections. We investigated the association of MBL and MASP-2 variants with sporotrichosis in a Chinese population and revealed one rare heterozygous mutation in a disseminated cutaneous patient without immunosuppressive conditions (MASP2, p.156_159dupCHNH). We also found that sporotrichosis patients had decreased levels of MBL and MASP-2 in their serum samples compared with controls. Our findings linked, for the first time, MASP-2 deficiencies with susceptibility to Sporothrix sp.
Authors’ addresses: Fangfang Bao, Xi’an Fu, Gongqi Yu, Zhenzhen Wang, Hong Liu, and Furen Zhang, Shandong Provincial Hospital for Skin Diseases, Shandong Provincial Institute of Dermatology and Venereology, Shandong First Medical University, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, China, and Shandong Provincial Key Lab for Dermatovenereology, Jinan, China, E-mails: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, and firstname.lastname@example.org.