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Case Reports: Late Emergence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in an Immunocompromised Patient in a Non-Endemic Setting

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  • 1 Infectious Diseases Department, Monash Health, Melbourne, Australia;
  • | 2 Monash Centre for Inflammatory Diseases, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
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We report a case of reactivation of cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major in a 40-year-old man from Afghanistan, in the context of immune suppression. His last potential exposure was 7 years before the clinical presentation. To our knowledge, this is the most temporally distant reactivation of cutaneous leishmaniasis reported in a non-endemic country.

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Author Notes

Address correspondence to David New, Infectious Diseases Department, Monash Health, 246 Clayton Rd., Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia. E-mail: david.new@monashhealth.org

Authors’ addresses: David New, Infectious Diseases Department, Monash Health, Clayton, Melbourne, Australia, E-mail: david.new@monashhealth.org. Benjamin A. Rogers, Infectious Diseases, School of Clincal Sciences, Monash Health, Monash University, Clayton, Melbourne, Australia, E-mail: ben.rogers@monash.edu.

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