Volume 87, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The question of whether (Ct) is a cofactor for human (HPV) in cervical carcinogenesis is still controversial. We conducted a molecular detection study of both infections in 622 Brazilian women, including 252 women with different grades of abnormal cervical cytology and cervical cancer (CC; cases) and 370 women with normal cytology (controls). Although Ct infection did not seem related to CC carcinogenicity, women with abnormal cytology had a significant high rate of Ct infection. Therefore, it is important to adopt protocols for diagnosis and treatment of this bacterium in conjunction with screening for CC in this population.


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  • Received : 07 May 2012
  • Accepted : 03 Sep 2012

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