1921
Volume 87, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused by ( syn. ) in northeastern Brazil, was responsible for 51,000 new VL cases from 1980 to 2003. Household presence of infected dogs is a major risk factor for human infection. Despite culling of dogs based on seropositivity, canine seroprevalence remains near 20%, suggesting that dog culling is ineffective for preventing VL spread. We administered a cross-sectional survey to 224 households within 300 m of the homes of VL human patients diagnosed within the last year. The goal was to develop a model for voluntary preventative use based on characteristics and motivations of dog owners. We identified that owner knowledge deficiencies regarding canine transmission of associated with increased risk of dog infection (odds ratio [OR] = 3.681, confidence interval [CI] = 1.223, 11.08). Higher owner education was associated with decreased levels of dog seropositivity (OR = 0.40, CI = 0.20, 0.81). Pet attachment ( = 0.036) and perception of risk/disease knowledge ( = 0.040) were significantly associated with willingness to voluntarily purchase canine VL prevention. These results highlight the importance of owner attachment to their pet in implementing reservoir-targeted zoonotic VL prevention.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0251
2012-11-07
2017-09-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/87/5/822.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0251&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Werneck GL, , 2008. Forum: geographic spread and urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil. Introduction. Cad Saude Publica 24: 29372940.[Crossref]
  2. Romero GA, Boelaert M, , 2010. Control of visceral leishmaniasis in Latin America—a systematic review. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4: e584.[Crossref]
  3. Barreto ML, Teixeira MG, Bastos FI, Ximenes RA, Barata RB, Rodrigues LC, , 2011. Successes and failures in the control of infectious diseases in Brazil: social and environmental context, policies, interventions, and research needs. Lancet 377: 18771889.[Crossref]
  4. Tasca KI, Buzetti WA, Tenorio M da S, Paulan S de C, Lima FL, de Queiroz NM, Machado RZ, Oliveira TM, Neves MF, de Noronha AC, Jr de Assis J, , 2009. Parasitological, immunohistochemical and histopathological study for Leishmania chagasi detection in splenic tissues of dogs with visceral leishmaniasis. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 18: 2733.[Crossref]
  5. Queiroz PV, Monteiro GR, Macedo VP, Rocha MA, Batista LM, Queiroz JW, Jeronimo SM, Ximenes MF, , 2009. Canine visceral leishmaniasis in urban and rural areas of northeast Brazil. Res Vet Sci 86: 267273.[Crossref]
  6. Nunes CM, Pires MM, da Silva KM, Assis FD, Goncalves Filho J, Perri SH, , 2010. Relationship between dog culling and incidence of human visceral leishmaniasis in an endemic area. Vet Parasitol 170: 131133.[Crossref]
  7. Lima ID, Queiroz JW, Lacerda HG, Queiroz PV, Pontes NN, Barbosa JD, Martins DR, Weirather JL, Pearson RD, Wilson ME, Jeronimo SM, , 2012. Leishmania infantum chagasi in northeastern Brazil: asymptomatic infection at the urban perimeter. Am J Trop Med Hyg 86: 99107.[Crossref]
  8. Borges BK, Silva JA, Haddad JP, Moreira EC, Magalhaes DF, Ribeiro LM, Fiuza V de O, , 2008. Assessment of knowledge and preventive attitudes concerning visceral leishmaniasis in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Cad Saude Publica 24: 777784.[Crossref]
  9. Oliveira TM, Furuta PI, de Carvalho D, Machado RZ, , 2008. A study of cross-reactivity in serum samples from dogs positive for Leishmania sp., Babesia canis and Ehrlichia canis in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and indirect fluorescent antibody test. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 17: 711.[Crossref]
  10. Boggiatto PM, Gibson-Corley KN, Metz K, Gallup JM, Hostetter JM, Mullin K, Petersen CA, , 2011. Transplacental transmission of Leishmania infantum as a means for continued disease incidence in North America. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5: e1019.[Crossref]
  11. Ferroglio E, Poggi M, Trisciuoglio A, , 2008. Evaluation of 65% permethrin spot-on and deltamethrin-impregnated collars for canine Leishmania infantum infection prevention. Zoonoses Public Health 55: 145148.[Crossref]
  12. Giffoni JH, de Almeida CE, dos Santos SO, Ortega VS, de Barros AT, , 2002. Evaluation of 65% permethrin spot-on for prevention of canine visceral leishmaniasis: effect on disease prevalence and the vectors (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a hyperendemic area. Vet Ther 3: 485492.
  13. Miro G, Galvez R, Mateo M, Montoya A, Descalzo MA, Molina R, , 2007. Evaluation of the efficacy of a topically administered combination of imidacloprid and permethrin against Phlebotomus perniciosus in dog. Vet Parasitol 143: 375379.[Crossref]
  14. Otranto D, Paradies P, Lia RP, Latrofa MS, Testini G, Cantacessi C, Mencke N, Galli G, Capelli G, Stanneck D, , 2007. Efficacy of a combination of 10% imidacloprid/50% permethrin for the prevention of leishmaniasis in kenneled dogs in an endemic area. Vet Parasitol 144: 270278.[Crossref]
  15. Weinstein ND, , 1988. The precaution adoption process. Health Psychol 7: 355386.[Crossref]
  16. Paz GF, Ribeiro MF, de Magalhaes DF, Sathler KP, Morais MH, Fiuza VO, Brandao ST, Werneck GL, Fortes-Dias CL, Dias ES, , 2010. Association between the prevalence of infestation by Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Ctenocephalides felis felis and the presence of anti-Leishmania antibodies: a case-control study in dogs from a Brazilian endemic area. Prev Vet Med 97: 131133.[Crossref]
  17. Johnson TP, Garrity TF, Stallones L, , 1992. Psychometric evaluation of the Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale (LAPS). Anthrozoos 5: 160175.[Crossref]
  18. Braz RF, Nascimento ET, Martins DR, Wilson ME, Pearson RD, Reed SG, Jeronimo SM, , 2002. The sensitivity and specificity of Leishmania chagasi recombinant K39 antigen in the diagnosis of American visceral leishmaniasis and in differentiating active from subclinical infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg 67: 344348.
  19. Coura-Vital W, Marques MJ, Veloso VM, Roatt BM, Aguiar-Soares RD, Reis LE, Braga SL, Morais MH, Reis AB, Carneiro M, , 2011. Prevalence and factors associated with Leishmania infantum infection of dogs from an urban area of Brazil as identified by molecular methods. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5: e1291.[Crossref]
  20. Gouvea MV, Werneck GL, Costa CH, de Amorim Carvalho FA, , 2007. Factors associated to Montenegro skin test positivity in Teresina, Brazil. Acta Trop 104: 99107.[Crossref]
  21. Pedrosa F de A, Ximenes RA, , 2009. Sociodemographic and environmental risk factors for American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in the State of Alagoas, Brazil. Am J Trop Med Hyg 81: 195201.
  22. Chappuis F, Sundar S, Hailu A, Ghalib H, Rijal S, Peeling RW, Alvar J, Boelaert M, , 2007. Visceral leishmaniasis: what are the needs for diagnosis, treatment and control? Nat Rev Microbiol 5: 873882.[Crossref]
  23. Baneth G, Koutinas AF, Solano-Gallego L, Bourdeau P, Ferrer L, , 2008. Canine leishmaniosis—new concepts and insights on an expanding zoonosis: part one. Trends Parasitol 24: 324330.[Crossref]
  24. Day MJ, , 2011. One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseases. Parasit Vectors 4: 49.[Crossref]
  25. Costa CH, Werneck GL, Rodrigues L, Jr Santos MV, Araujo IB, Moura LS, Moreira S, Gomes RB, Lima SS, , 2005. Household structure and urban services: neglected targets in the control of visceral leishmaniasis. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 99: 229236.[Crossref]
  26. Nascimento ET, Moura ML, Queiroz JW, Barroso AW, Araujo AF, Rego EF, Wilson ME, Pearson RD, Jeronimo SM, , 2011. The emergence of concurrent HIV-1/AIDS and visceral leishmaniasis in northeast Brazil. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 105: 298300.[Crossref]
  27. Goldman D, Smith JP, , 2011. The increasing value of education to health. Soc Sci Med 72: 17281737.[Crossref]
  28. Chompook P, Todd J, Wheeler JG, von Seidlein L, Clemens J, Chaicumpa W, , 2006. Risk factors for shigellosis in Thailand. Int J Infect Dis 10: 425433.[Crossref]
  29. Hargreaves JR, Glynn JR, , 2002. Educational attainment and HIV-1 infection in developing countries: a systematic review. Trop Med Int Health 7: 489498.[Crossref]
  30. Gorter AC, Sandiford P, Pauw J, Morales P, Perez RM, Alberts H, , 1998. Hygiene behaviour in rural Nicaragua in relation to diarrhoea. Int J Epidemiol 27: 10901100.[Crossref]
  31. de Almeida AS, Medronho R de A, Werneck GL, , 2011. Identification of risk areas for visceral leishmaniasis in Teresina, Piaui State, Brazil. Am J Trop Med Hyg 84: 681687.[Crossref]
  32. Raina P, Waltner-Toews D, Bonnett B, Woodward C, Abernathy T, , 1999. Influence of companion animals on the physical and psychological health of older people: an analysis of a one-year longitudinal study. J Am Geriatr Soc 47: 323329.[Crossref]
  33. Podaliri Vulpiani M, Iannetti L, Di Mattia T, Dalla Villa P, , 2009. Leishmania infantum in a Central Italy dog shelter: retrospective study of serologic reactivity during a 4-year period in a confined dog population subjected to preventive and therapeutic treatment. Vet Parasitol 160: 190197.[Crossref]
  34. Molina R, Miro G, Galvez R, Nieto J, Descalzo MA, , 2006. Evaluation of a spray of permethrin and pyriproxyfen for the protection of dogs against Phlebotomus perniciosus . Vet Rec 159: 206209.[Crossref]
  35. Mencke N, Volf P, Volfova V, Stanneck D, , 2003. Repellent efficacy of a combination containing imidacloprid and permethrin against sand flies (Phlebotomus papatasi) in dogs. Parasitol Res 90 (Suppl 3): S108S111.[Crossref]
  36. Mercier P, Jasmin P, Sanquer A, , 2003. Prevention of sand fly attack by topical application of a permethrin/pyriproxyfen combination on dogs. Vet Ther 4: 309316.
  37. Alexander B, Barros VC, de Souza SF, Barros SS, Teodoro LP, Soares ZR, Gontijo NF, Reithinger R, , 2009. Susceptibility to chemical insecticides of two Brazilian populations of the visceral leishmaniasis vector Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae). Trop Med Int Health 14: 12721277.[Crossref]
  38. Reithinger R, Coleman PG, Alexander B, Vieira EP, Assis G, Davies CR, , 2004. Are insecticide-impregnated dog collars a feasible alternative to dog culling as a strategy for controlling canine visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil? Int J Parasitol 34: 5562.[Crossref]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0251
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0251
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 20 Apr 2012
  • Accepted : 06 Aug 2012

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error