Volume 87, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We describe the geographic distribution and variation in host-pathogen specificity for -infected small mammals collected concurrently from three Hawaiian Islands over a period of 14 years: 1990–2003. Four serogroups (Icterohaemorrhagiae, Ballum, Sejroe, and Australis) were identified from the 15,171 animals tested. Serogroup prevalence differed across host species and islands ( < 0.0001 for each), but not across years. The host associations and biogeographic patterns of in Hawaii indicate a pathogen community shaped by ecological factors.


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  • Received : 23 Mar 2012
  • Accepted : 17 Apr 2012
  • Published online : 01 Aug 2012

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