Volume 87, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Febrile illnesses remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality in resource-poor countries, but too often, tests are not available to determine the causes, leading to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. To determine the cause of febrile illnesses, we recovered the malaria smears from 102 children presenting with fever to Soddo Christian Hospital in Wolaitta Soddo, Ethiopia. DNA was isolated from the smears and evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction. We identified pathogen DNA with probes for spp., , spp., spp., and spp. Overall, we showed that it is possible to isolate high-quality DNA and identify treatable pathogens from malaria blood smears. Furthermore, our data showed that bacterial pathogens (especially , spp., and spp.) are common and frequently unrecognized but treatable causes of febrile illnesses in Ethiopian children.


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  • Received : 15 Mar 2012
  • Accepted : 31 Mar 2012

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