Volume 87, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Dengue is a viral disease usually transmitted by mosquitoes. Dengue outbreaks in the Americas reported in medical literature and to the Pan American Health Organization are described. The outbreak history from 1600 to 2010 was categorized into four phases: Introduction of dengue in the Americas (1600–1946); Continental plan for the eradication of the (1947–1970) marked by a successful eradication of the mosquito in 18 continental countries by 1962; reinfestation (1971–1999) caused by the failure of the mosquito eradication program; Increased dispersion of and dengue virus circulation (2000–2010) characterized by a marked increase in the number of outbreaks. During 2010 > 1.7 million dengue cases were reported, with 50,235 severe cases and 1,185 deaths. A dramatic increase in the number of outbreaks has been reported in recent years. Urgent global action is needed to avoid further disease spread.


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  • Received : 14 Dec 2011
  • Accepted : 13 Jul 2012
  • Published online : 03 Oct 2012

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