1921
Volume 88, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Vivax malaria is a significant military and civilian health threat in northern Republic of Korea (ROK). Mosquito collections were performed at two ROK army installations, Paju near the demilitarized zone (DMZ) using black light traps in 2011. The DMZ, a 4 km wide border, is the northernmost point of the ROK and separates the ROK from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK). spp. were identified by polymerase chain reaction and screened for sporozoites. Of 4,354 female mosquitoes identified, (61.8%) was the most frequently collected, followed by (16.0%), (9.0%), (7.4%), (4.2%), and (1.6%). , , and showed the highest population densities in June, whereas population densities were highest for , , and in August. The maximum likelihood estimation (estimated number of positive mosquitoes/1,000) for was highest for (28.9), followed by (23.3), (15.8), (9.6), (5.8) and (4.2). The seasonal maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) values were variable among species. , , and showed the highest seasonal MLE's in July, whereas and exhibited the highest seasonal MLEs in September and during August. This is the first report implicating as a vector of in the ROK, and extends our knowledge of the distribution and potential role in malaria transmission.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0755
2013-01-09
2017-11-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/88/1/24.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0755&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Paik YK, Ree HI, Shim JC, , 1988. Malaria in Korea. Jpn J Exp Med 58: 5566.
  2. Jun G, Yeom JS, Hong JY, Shin EH, Chang KS, Yu JR, Oh SO, Park JW, , 2009. Resurgence of Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Republic of Korea during 2006–2007. Am J Trop Med Hyg 81: 605610.[Crossref]
  3. Ree HI, , 2000. Unstable vivax malaria in Korea. Korean J Parasitol 38: 119138.[Crossref]
  4. World Health Organization, 1981. Synopsis of the world malaria situation in 1979. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 56: 145149.
  5. Chai IH, Lim GI, Yoon SN, Oh WI, Kim SJ, Chai JY, , 1994. Occurrence of tertian malaria in a male patient who has never been abroad. Korean J Parasitol 32: 195200.[Crossref]
  6. Chai JY, , 1999. Re-emerging Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Republic of Korea. Korean J Parasitol 32: 195200.[Crossref]
  7. Cho SY, Kong Y, Park SM, Lee JS, Lim YA, Chae SL, Kho WG, Lee JS, Shim JC, Shin HK, , 1994. Two vivax malaria cases detected in Korea. Korean J Parasitol 32: 281284.[Crossref]
  8. Korea-National Institute of Health, 2001. Manual for Malaria Control. Seoul, Korea: Korean-National Institute of Health.
  9. Korea-Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005. Provisional cases of selected notifiable disease. K-CDC Commun Dis Wkly Rep 53: 132 (CDWR).
  10. Lee WJ, Klein TA, Kim HC, Choi YM, Yoon SH, Chang KS, Chong ST, Lee IY, Jones JW, Jacobs JS, Sattabongkot J, Park JS, , 2007. Anopheles kleini, Anopheles pullus, and Anopheles sinensis: potential vectors of Plasmodium vivax in the Republic of Korea. J Med Entomol 44: 10861090.
  11. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (K-CDC), 2011. Disease Web Statistics System. Available at: http://cdc.go.kr/kcdchome/jsp/observation/stat/rgt/STATRGT0003List.jsp. Accessed January 19, 2011.
  12. Lee JS, Kho WG, Lee HW, Seo M, Lee WJ, , 1998. Current status of vivax malaria among civilians in Korea. Korean J Parasitol 36: 241248.[Crossref]
  13. Lee HI, Lee JS, Shin EH, Lee WJ, Kim YY, Lee KR, , 2001. Malaria transmission potential by Anopheles sinensis in the Republic of Korea. Korean J Parasitol 39: 185192.[Crossref]
  14. Kim HC, Pacha LA, Lee WJ, Lee JK, Gaydos JC, Sames WJ, Lee HC, Bradley K, Jeung GG, Tobler SK, Klein TA, , 2009. Malaria in the Republic of Korea, 1993–2007. Variables related to re-emergence and persistence of Plasmodium vivax among Korean populations and U.S. Forces in Korea. Mil Med 174: 762769.[Crossref]
  15. Han ET, Lee DH, Park KD, Seok WS, Kim YS, Tsuboi T, Shin EH, Chai JY, , 2006. Reemerging vivax malaria: changing patterns of annual incidence and control programs in the Republic of Korea. Korean J Parasitol 44: 285294.[Crossref]
  16. Klein TA, Pacha LA, Lee HC, Kim HC, Lee WJ, Lee JK, Jeung GG, Sames WJ, Gaydos JC, , 2009. Plasmodium vivax malaria among U.S. Forces Korea in the Republic of Korea. Mil Med 174: 412418.[Crossref]
  17. KCDC, 2011. A Guideline of Malaria Management. Republic of Korea: Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
  18. Wilkerson RC, Li C, Rueda LM, Kim HC, Klein TA, Song GH, Strickman D, , 2003. Molecular confirmation of Anopheles (Anopheles) lesteri from the Republic of South Korea and its genetic identity with An. (Ano.) anthropophagus from China (Diptera: Culicidae). Zootaxa 378: 114.[Crossref]
  19. Li C, Lee JS, Groebner JL, Kim HC, Klein TA, O'Guin ML, Wilkerson RC, , 2005. A newly recognized species in the Anopheles hyrcanus group and molecular identification of related species from the Republic of (South) Korea (Diptera: Culicidae). Zootaxa 939: 18.[Crossref]
  20. Snounou G, Viriyakosol S, Zhu XP, Jarra W, Pinheiro L, do Rosario VE, Thaithong S, Brown KN, , 1993. High sensitivity of detection of human malaria parasites by nested polymerase chain reaction. Mol Biochem Parasitol 61: 315320.[Crossref]
  21. Rueda LM, Brown TL, Kim HC, Chong ST, Klein TA, Foley DH, Anyamba A, Smith M, Pak EP, Wilkerson RC, , 2010. Species composition, larval habitats, seasonal occurrence and distribution of potential malaria vectors and associated species of Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) from the Republic of Korea. Malar J 9: 55.[Crossref]
  22. Kim HC, Rueda LM, Wilkerson RC, Foley DH, Sames WJ, Chong ST, Nunn PV, Klein TA, , 2011. Distribution and larval habitats of Anopheles species in northern Gyeonggi Province, Republic of Korea. J Vector Ecol 36: 124134.[Crossref]
  23. In SD, Shim JC, Lee MH, Paik SB, , 1985. Ecological study of Japanese encephalitis virus in Korea (1) Report on the JE virus isolated from mosquitoes. Rep Nat Inst Health Korea 22: 229239.
  24. In SD, Shim JC, Choi JH, Kim JI, Lee IB, Yong KH, , 1986. Epidemiological study on Japanese encephalitis in Korea. Rep Nat Inst Health Korea 23: 377389.
  25. Turell MJ, O'Guinn ML, Wasieloski LP, Dohm DJ, Lee WJ, Cho HW, Kim HC, Burkett DA, Mores CN, Coleman RE, Klein TA, , 2003. Isolation of Japanese encephalitis and Getah viruses from mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) collected near Camp Greaves, Gyonggi Province, Republic of Korea, 2000. J Med Entomol 40: 580584.[Crossref]
  26. Gu W, Lampman R, Novak RJ, , 2003. Problems in estimating mosquito infection rates using minimum infection rate. J Med Entomol 40: 595596.[Crossref]
  27. Gu W, Lampman R, Novak RJ, , 2004. Assessment of arbovirus vector infection rates using variable size pooling. Med Vet Entomol 18: 200204.[Crossref]
  28. Rueda LM, Li C, Kim HC, Klein TA, Foley DH, Wilkerson RC, , 2010. Anopheles belenrae, a potential vector of Plasmodium vivax in the Republic of Korea. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 26: 430432.[Crossref]
  29. Joshi D, Choochote W, Park MH, Kim JY, Kim TS, Suwonkerd W, Min GS, , 2009. The susceptibility of Anopheles lesteri to infection with Korean strain of Plasmodium vivax . Malar J 8: 42.[Crossref]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0755
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0755
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 04 Dec 2011
  • Accepted : 08 Oct 2012

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error