Volume 87, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



species of the subgenus are responsible for most cases of New World tegumentary leishmaniasis. However, little is known about the vectors involved in disease transmission in the Amazon regions of Peru. We used a novel real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to assess infections in phlebotomines collected in rural areas of Madre de Dios, Peru. A total of 1,299 non-blood fed female sand flies from 33 species were captured by using miniature CDC light traps. was the most abundant species (63%) in this area. Seven of 164 pools were positive by PCR for by kinetoplast DNA. The real-time PCR identified four pools as positive for () and () . The minimum infection prevalence for was estimated to be 0.6% (95% confidence interval = 0.20–1.42%). Further studies are needed to assess the importance of in the transmission of New World tegumentary leishmaniasis in hyperendemic areas of Peru.


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  • Received : 13 Nov 2011
  • Accepted : 19 Apr 2012
  • Published online : 05 Sep 2012

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