Volume 86, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The use of auditory data visualization techniques was useful for distinguishing voiceless bellows of a rabid cow from the bellows of estrus-oriented cows, because rabid cows created two distinct sounds with a very short silence between inhalation and exhalation of the respiratory cycle. The auditory visualization techniques as a diagnostic tool may have the potential to serve as a basis for an Internet-based application for the early diagnosis of rabies.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Rosenberger G, 1970. Die Kkrankheiten des Rindes. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey, 792804.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Jha VC, Dhakal M, Pun MB, Jha VK, Aryal T, Dhakal PR, Manahndar S, Sato T, Ide S, Morita Y, Kozawa K, Kimura H, 2004. Buffalo rabies in Nepal. Vet Rec 54: 540.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Boersma P, Weenink D, 2008. Praat: Doing Phonetics by Computer. Available at: http//ww.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/. Accessed March 7, 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Zachary JF, 2007. Rabies encephalitis. McGavin MD, Zachary JF, eds. Pathologic Basis of Veterinary Disease, 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier, 887890.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Howard BR, 1970. The dorsal nucleus of the vagus as a center controlling gastric motility in sheep. J Physiol 206: 167180.[Crossref]
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

Supplemental sound file

  • Received : 15 Oct 2011
  • Accepted : 14 Dec 2011
  • Published online : 01 Mar 2012
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error