Volume 86, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The present study analyzed the relationship between the genetic diversity of and parasitologic/entomologic indices in the Mount Cameroon region by using merozoite surface protein 1 as a genetic marker. Blood samples were collected from asymptomatic children from three altitude zones (high, intermediate, and low). Parasitologic and entomologic indices were determined by microscopy and landing catch mosquito collection/circumsporozoite protein–enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. A total of 142 randomly selected -positive blood samples were genotyped by using a nested polymerase chain reaction–based technique. K-1 polymerase chain reaction products were also sequenced. As opposed to high altitude, the highest malaria prevalence (70.65%) and entomologic inoculation rate (2.43 infective/bites/night) were recorded at a low altitude site. Seven (18.91%), 22 (36.66%), and 19 (42.22%) samples from high, intermediate, and low altitudes, respectively, contained multiclonal infections. A new K-1 polymorphism was identified. This study shows a positive non-linear association between low/intermediate altitude (high malaria transmission) and an increase in merozoite surface protein 1 block 2 polymorphisms.


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  • Received : 07 Jul 2011
  • Accepted : 02 Jan 2012
  • Published online : 01 May 2012

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