Volume 86, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Haiti's Ministry of Public Health and Population collaborated with global partners to enhance malaria surveillance in two disaster-affected areas within 3 months of the January 2010 earthquake. Data were collected between March 4 and April 9, 2010 by mobile medical teams. Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) were used for case confirmation. A convenience sample of 1,629 consecutive suspected malaria patients was included. Of these patients, 1,564 (96%) patients had malaria RDTs performed, and 317 (20.3%) patients were positive. Of the 317 case-patients with a positive RDT, 278 (87.7%) received chloroquine, 8 (2.5%) received quinine, and 31 (9.8%) had no antimalarial treatment recorded. Our experience shows that mobile medical teams trained in the use of malaria RDTs had a high rate of testing suspected malaria cases and that the majority of patients with positive RDTs received appropriate antimalarial treatment. Malaria RDTs were useful in the post-disaster setting where logistical and technical constraints limited the use of microscopy.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. United Nations Development Programme. Available at: http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/. Accessed March 20, 2011.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. US Census Bureau. Available at: http://www.census.gov/newsroom/emergencies/earthquake_in_haiti.html. Accessed June 23, 2011.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). Available at: http://www.paho.org/english/sha/prflhai.htm. Accessed March 20, 2011.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Magloire R, Mung K, Cookson ST, Tappero J, Barzilay E, Dominguez K, Dubray C, Lindblade K, Jentes ES, Willis M, Tohme RA, Sprecher AG, El Bcheraoui C, Walldorf JA, 2010. Rapid establishment of an internally displaced persons disease surveillance system after an earthquake—Haiti, 2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 59: 939945.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. GeoNames. Available at: http://www.geonames.org/search.html?q=jacmel%2C+haiti&country=. Accessed March 20, 2011.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. [Google Scholar]
  7. World Health Organization, 2010. Information Note on Recommended Selection Criteria for Procurement of Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs), Global Malaria Programme, World Health Organization, September 16, 2010. Available at: http://www.theglobalfund.org/documents/psm/PSM_RDTSelection_Criteria_en/. Accessed March 20, 2011.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Existe A, Freeman N, Boncy J, Magloire R, Vely J-F, Chang M, Bishop H, Macedo de Oliverira A, McMorrow M, Dasilva A, Barnwell J, Slutsker L, Townes D, 2010. Rapid diagnostic tests for malaria—Haiti, 2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 59: 13721373.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Vanderwal T, Paulton R, 2000. Malaria in the Limbe River Valley in northern Haiti: a hospital-based retrospective study, 1975–1997. Rev Panam Salud Publica 7: 162167.[Crossref]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Neuberger A, Zaulan O, Tenenboim S, Vernet S, Pex R, Held K, Urman M, Garpenfeldt K, Schwartz E, 2011. Malaria among patients and aid workers consulting a primary healthcare centre in Leogane, Haiti, November 2010 to February 2011—a prospective observational study. Euro Surveill 16: 19829.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 05 Jul 2011
  • Accepted : 09 Sep 2011
  • Published online : 01 Jan 2012
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error