Volume 87, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The study deals with the survey of different bat populations (, , and ) in India for highly pathogenic Nipah virus (NiV), Reston Ebola virus, and Marburg virus. Bats (n = 140) from two states in India (Maharashtra and West Bengal) were tested for IgG (serum samples) against these viruses and for virus RNAs. Only NiV RNA was detected in a liver homogenate of captured in Myanaguri, West Bengal. Partial sequence analysis of nucleocapsid, glycoprotein, fusion, and phosphoprotein genes showed similarity with the NiV sequences from earlier outbreaks in India. A serum sample of this bat was also positive by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for NiV-specific IgG. This is the first report on confirmation of Nipah viral RNA in bat from India and suggests the possible role of this species in transmission of NiV in India.


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  • Received : 28 Jun 2011
  • Accepted : 22 Feb 2012
  • Published online : 05 Sep 2012

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