1921
Volume 85, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Schistosomiasis continues to be a public health problem in many tropical and subtropical countries. Improving the diagnostic tools for surveillance and monitoring in areas that have reached elimination level will help hasten the possible elimination of this disease. This study therefore aims to develop enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay through the use of recombinant proteins such as thioredoxin peroxidase-1 (SjTPx-1) and four tandem repeat proteins (Sj1TR, Sj2TR, Sj4TR, and Sj7TR). Cutoff values were calculated using 38 serum samples from healthy Japanese volunteers. Sera from 35 schistosomiasis-confirmed patients, four cured from the disease by chemotherapy, and 15 endemic negative controls were used to assess these antigens. SjTPx-1 and Sj7TR both had 85.71% sensitivity. Furthermore, these antigens were also tested against human sera positive for other parasitic infections and showed no or very minimal cross-reaction. These results suggest the potential defined antigens for development of an accurate diagnostic test for schistosomiasis.

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  • Received : 20 Apr 2011
  • Accepted : 21 Jul 2011

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