Volume 85, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



West Nile virus lineage 1 (similar to the strains obtained from golden eagles in Spain, 2007) and Usutu virus (similar to the strains obtained from in Spain, 2006) were detected in pools from collected in southern Spain in 2008 and 2009, respectively. This is the first detection and isolation of West Nile virus lineage 1 from mosquitoes in Spain.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Vázquez A, Sanchez-Seco MP, Ruiz S, Molero F, Hernandez L, Moreno J, Magallanes A, Tejedor CG, Tenorio A, , 2010. Putative new lineage of West Nile virus, Spain. Emerg Infect Dis 16: 549552.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  2. Calistri P, Giovannini A, Hubalek Z, Ionescu A, Monaco F, Savini G, Lelli R, , 2010. Epidemiology of West Nile in Europe and in the Mediterranean basin. Open Virol J. 22: 2937. [Google Scholar]
  3. Bakonyi T, Ivanics E, Erdélyi K, Ursu K, Ferenczi E, Weissenböck H, Nowotny N, , 2006. Lineage 1 and 2 strains of encephalitic West Nile virus, central Europe. Emerg Infect Dis 12: 618623.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  4. Bakonyi T, Erdélyi K, Ursu K, Ferenczi E, Csorgo T, Lussy H, Chvala S, Bukovsky C, Meister T, Weissenböck H, Nowotny N, , 2007. Emergence of Usutu virus in Hungary. J Clin Microbiol 45: 38703874.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  5. Steinmetz HW, Bakonyi T, Chvala S, Weissenböck H, Eulenberger U, Hatt JM, Robert N, Hoop R, Nowotny N, , 2007. Emergence of Usutu virus in Switzerland. Proceedings 43rd International Symposium on Diseases of Zoo and Wild Animals. Edinburgh, 129131. [Google Scholar]
  6. Buckley A, Dawson A, Moss SR, Hinsley SA, Bellamy PE, Gould EA, , 2003. Serological evidence of West Nile virus, Usutu virus and Sindbis virus infection of birds in the UK. J Gen Virol 84: 28072817.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  7. Calzolari M, Bonilauri P, Bellini R, Albieri A, Defilippo F, Maioli G, Galletti G, Gelati A, Barbieri I, Tamba M, Lelli D, Carra E, Cordioli P, Angelini P, Dottori M, , 2010. Evidence of simultaneous circulation of West Nile and Usutu viruses in mosquitoes sampled in Emilia-Romagna region (Italy) in 2009. PLoS ONE 5: e14324.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  8. Kaptoul D, Viladrich PF, Domingo C, Niubó J, Martínez-Yélamos S, de Ory F, Tenorio T, , 2007. West Nile virus in Spain: report of the first diagnosed case (in Spain) in a human with aseptic meningitis. Scand J Infect Dis 39: 7071.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  9. Jiménez-Clavero MA, Sotelo E, Fernandez-Pinero J, Llorente F, Blanco JM, Rodriguez-Ramos J, Perez-Ramirez E, Höfle U, , 2008. West Nile virus in golden eagles, Spain, 2007. Emerg Infect Dis 14: 14891491.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  10. Busquets N, Alba A, Allepuz A, Aranda C, Núñez JI, , 2008. Usutu virus sequences in Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae), Spain. Emerg Infect Dis 14: 861862.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  11. Sánchez-Seco MP, Rosario D, Domingo C, Hernandez L, Valdes K, Guzmán MG, Tenorio A, , 2005. Generic RT-nested-PCR for detection of flaviviruses using degenerated primers and internal control followed by sequencing for specific identification. J Virol Methods 126: 101109.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  12. Gaibani P, Pierro AM, Cavrini F, Rossini G, Landini MP, Sambri V, , 2010. False-positive transcription-mediated amplification assay detection of West Nile virus in blood from a patient with viremia caused by a Usutu virus infection. J Clin Microbiol 48: 33383339.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  13. Orshan L, Bin H, Schnur H, Kaufman A, Valinsky A, Shulman L, Weiss L, Mendelson E, Pener H, , 2008. Mosquito vectors of West Nile fever in Israel. J Med Entomol 45: 939947.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 20 Jan 2011
  • Accepted : 31 Mar 2011
  • Published online : 01 Jul 2011

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error