Volume 84, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Onchocerciasis remains an important debilitating disease in many areas of Africa, including Sudan. The status of infection transmission in 2007 was assessed in the vectors of two disease foci in Sudan: Abu Hamed in northern Sudan, which has received at least 10 years of annual treatment and Galabat focus in eastern Sudan, where only minor, largely undocumented treatment activity has occurred. Assessment of more than 30,000 black flies for infectious stage L3 larvae by using an O-150 polymerase chain reaction protocol showed that black fly infectivity rates were 0.84 (95% confidence interval = 0.0497–1.88) per 10,000 flies for Abu Hamed and 6.9 (95% confidence interval = 1.1–16.4) infective flies per 10,000 for Galabat. These results provide entomologic evidence for suppressed transmission in the Abu Hamed focus and a moderate transmission rate of the parasite in the Galabat focus.


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  • Received : 04 Jan 2011
  • Accepted : 11 Feb 2011
  • Published online : 05 May 2011

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