Volume 85, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Trachoma control strategies, including latrine construction and antibiotic distribution, are directed at reducing ocular , but may have additional benefits. In a cluster-randomized clinical trial, 24 subkebeles (administrative geographic units) in Ethiopia were offered a single mass azithromycin treatment, and half were randomized to receive an intensive latrine promotion. At a follow-up census 26 months after the baseline treatment, 320 persons had died. The mortality rate of children 1–5 years of age was 3.87 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.19–6.82) per 1,000 person-years in the latrine promotion arm, and 2.72 (95% CI = 1.37–5.42) per 1,000 person-years in the control arm. In a multi-level mixed effects logistic regression model controlling for age, there was no difference in mortality in persons randomized into the latrine or control arms (odds ratio = 1.18, 95% CI = 0.89–1.58). Latrine promotion provided no additional effect on mortality in the context of an azithromycin distribution program (clinicaltrials.gov, #NCT00322972).


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  • Received : 23 Dec 2010
  • Accepted : 02 Apr 2011
  • Published online : 01 Sep 2011

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