Volume 84, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



, which is usually found in canine subcutaneous tissues, is the main causative agent of human dirofilariasis in the Old Word. However, a relationship between animal and human cases of dirofilariasis caused by in a given area has never been demonstrated. The uneven distribution of in provinces in Sicily, Italy represented the foundation for this study. We report a human case of ocular infection with from Trapani Province, where canine dirofilariasis is endemic. The nematode was morphologically and molecularly identified and surgical removal of the parasite was documented. The relationship between the prevalence of in dogs and the occurrence of human cases of ocular dirofilariasis is discussed on the basis of a review of the historical literature.


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  • Received : 22 Dec 2010
  • Accepted : 17 Feb 2011
  • Published online : 01 Jun 2011

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