1921
Volume 84, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

, which is usually found in canine subcutaneous tissues, is the main causative agent of human dirofilariasis in the Old Word. However, a relationship between animal and human cases of dirofilariasis caused by in a given area has never been demonstrated. The uneven distribution of in provinces in Sicily, Italy represented the foundation for this study. We report a human case of ocular infection with from Trapani Province, where canine dirofilariasis is endemic. The nematode was morphologically and molecularly identified and surgical removal of the parasite was documented. The relationship between the prevalence of in dogs and the occurrence of human cases of ocular dirofilariasis is discussed on the basis of a review of the historical literature.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0719
2011-06-01
2019-05-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/84/6/1002.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0719&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Anderson RC, , 2000. Nematode parasites of vertebrates: their development and transmission. New York: CAB International, 417422.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  2. Orihel TC, Eberhard ML, , 1998. Zoonotic filariasis. Clin Microbiol Rev 11: 366381. [Google Scholar]
  3. McCall JW, Genchi C, Kramer LH, Guerrero J, Venco L, , 2008. Heartworm disease in animals and humans. Adv Parasitol 66: 193285.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  4. Pampiglione S, Rivasi F, , 2000. Human dirofilariasis due to Dirofilaria (Nochtiella) repens: an update of world literature from 1995 to 2000. Parassitologia 42: 231254. [Google Scholar]
  5. Pampiglione S, Rivasi F, Angeli G, Boldorini R, Incensati RM, Pastormerlo M, Pavesi M, Ramponi A, , 2001. Dirofilariasis due to Dirofilaria repens in Italy, an emergent zoonosis: report of 60 new cases. Histopathology 38: 344354.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  6. Pampiglione S, Rivasi F, Gustinelli A, , 2009. Dirofilarial human cases in the Old World, attributed to Dirofilaria immitis: a critical analysis. Histopathology 54: 192204.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  7. Ferri E, Barbuto M, Bain O, Galimberti A, Uni S, Guerrero R, Ferté H, Bandi C, Martin C, Casiraghi M, , 2009. Integrated taxonomy: traditional approach and DNA barcoding for the identification of filarioid worms and related parasites (Nematoda). Front Zool 6: 1.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  8. Otranto D, Sakru N, Testini G, Gürlü VP, Yakar K, Lia RP, Dantas-Torres F, Bain O, , 2011. First evidence of human zoonotic infestation by Onchocerca lupi (Spirurida, Onchocercidae). Am J Trop Med Hyg 84: 5558.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  9. Casiraghi M, Bazzocchi C, Mortarino M, Ottina E, Genchi C, , 2006. A simple molecular method for discriminating common filarial nematodes of dogs (Canis familiaris). Vet Parasitol 141: 368372.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  10. Anderson RC, Bain O, Anderson RC, Chabaud AG, Willmott S, , 1976. Diplotriaenoidea, Aproctoidea and Filarioidea. , eds. Keys to the Nematode Parasites of Vertebrates. New York: CAB International, 59116. [Google Scholar]
  11. Pampiglione S, Azzaro S, Bongiorno A, Fioravanti ML, Garavelli PL, La Valle S, , 1995. La dirofilariosi oculare umana in Italia: descrizione di 6 nuovi casi. Revisione della casistica Italiana. Ann Ottalmol Clin Ocul 121: 257277. [Google Scholar]
  12. Pampiglione S, Canestri-Trotti G, Piro S, Maxia C, , 1989. Dirofilariosi palpebrale nell'uomo: un caso in Sardegna. Pathologica 81: 5762. [Google Scholar]
  13. Therizol-Ferly M, Bain O, Reynouard F, Aimard I, Raymond JM, Rossazza C, Richard-Lenoble D, , 1996. Ocular dirofilariosis in a French woman living in Sologne (France). Vet Res Commun 20: 345349.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  14. Addario C, , 1885. Su di un nematode dell'occhio umano. Ann Oftalmol 14: 135147. [Google Scholar]
  15. Pace A, , 1886. Sopra un nuovo nematode. G Sci Nat Econ R Ist Tecn Palermo 2: 152154. [Google Scholar]
  16. Otranto D, Diniz DG, Dantas-Torres F, Casiraghi M, de Almeida IN, de Almeida LN, Nascimento dos Santos J, Penha Furtado A, de Almeida Sobrinho AF, Bain O, , 2011. Human intraocular filariasis caused by Dirofilaria sp., Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis 17: doi: 10.3201/eid1705.100916.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  17. Furtado AP, Do Carmo ES, Giese EG, Vallinoto AC, Lanfredi RM, Santos JN, , 2009. Detection of dog filariasis in Marajo Island, Brazil by classical and molecular methods. Parasitol Res 105: 15091515.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  18. Ciferri F, , 1982. Human pulmonary dirofilariasis in the United States: a critical review. Am J Trop Med Hyg 31: 302308. [Google Scholar]
  19. Milanez de Campos JR, Barbas CS, Filomeno LT, Fernandez A, Minamoto H, Filho JV, Jatene FB, , 1997. Human pulmonary dirofilariasis: analysis of 24 cases from São Paulo, Brazil. Chest 112: 729733.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  20. Webber WAF, Hawking F, , 1955. Experimental maintenance of Dirofilaria repens and D. immitis in dogs. Exp Parasitol 4: 143164.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  21. Cancrini G, Pietrobelli M, Frangipane di Regalbono A, Tampieri MP, Della Torre A, , 1995. Development of Dirofilaria and Setaria nematodes in Aedes albopictus . Parassitologia 37: 141145. [Google Scholar]
  22. Otranto D, Capelli G, Genchi C, , 2009. Changing distribution patterns of canine vector borne diseases in Italy: leishmaniosis vs dirofilariosis. Parasit Vectors 2: S2.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0719
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0719
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Supplemental video

  • Received : 22 Dec 2010
  • Accepted : 17 Feb 2011
  • Published online : 01 Jun 2011

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error