Volume 85, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



In 2008, the National Malaria Control Program in Benin implemented a vector control intervention based on indoor residual spraying (IRS). Four districts of high resistance of to pyrethroids were sprayed with bendiocarb. More than 350,000 inhabitants have been protected. Entomologic parameters in the control area were compared with those in intervention sites. The study has shown a drastic decrease in the biting rate in the sprayed areas. Results of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were negative for antigen during the entire period of the intervention. No household members received infected bites (entomologic inoculation rate = 0 during January–July). Parous rates were low in areas covered by IRS because bendiocarb is not conducive to long-term mosquito survival. Bendiocarb was found to be a good alternative insecticide for IRS in Benin, in areas where has developed high resistance to pyrethroids.


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  • Received : 25 Nov 2010
  • Accepted : 08 Jul 2011
  • Published online : 01 Oct 2011

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