Volume 85, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The presence of , and in 209 fleas () obtained from domestic cats and dogs in several locations in Malaysia was investigated in this study. Using a polymerase chain reaction specific for the citrate synthase () and 17-kD antigenic protein () genes of rickettsiae, we detected DNA in 6 (2.9%) fleas. For detection of bartonellae, amplification of the heme-binding protein () and riboflavin synthase () genes identified and DNA in 24 (11.5%) and 40 (19.1%) fleas, respectively. The DNA of and was detected in 10 (4.8%) fleas. Two genogroups (Marseille and Houston-1) were detected in this study; genogroup Marseille (genotype Fizz) was found more often in the fleas. The findings in this study suggest fleas as potential vectors of rickettsioses and cat-scratch disease in this country.


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  • Received : 09 Nov 2010
  • Accepted : 02 Mar 2011

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