Volume 84, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



This report presents three cases where the rK39 strip test failed to diagnose two cases of post–kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis and one case of visceral leishmaniasis. However, a strong clinical suspicion prompted further evaluation by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which established the etiology. The present case series highlights the usefulness of PCR in the diagnosis of leishmaniasis.


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  • Received : 18 Oct 2010
  • Accepted : 17 Jan 2011
  • Published online : 05 May 2011

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