Volume 84, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Malaria is a significant health risk to refugee populations originating from endemic areas, but there is little consensus on screening and/or treatment approaches for malaria in this population. Furthermore, detection of malaria in semi-immune asymptomatic refugees is limited by the sensitivity of diagnostic tests used for screening. We determined the prevalence of malaria by microscopy and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in a consecutive population of 324 asymptomatic refugees examined in Edmonton, Canada, during 2009–2010. Although all thick and thin blood smear results were negative, 10 subjects (3.1%) tested PCR positive for DNA. Interestingly, 6 of 10 PCR positive subjects are at risk of malaria relapse by or infections. These results suggest that appropriate guidelines for malaria screening should consider the risk of relapsing infections, and they highlight the potential usefulness of real-time PCR in the diagnosis of asymptomatic malaria.


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  • Received : 07 Sep 2010
  • Accepted : 13 Oct 2010
  • Published online : 05 Jan 2011

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