Volume 84, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



World-wide dengue vector control is hampered by the spread of insecticide resistance in . We report the resistance status of a wild population from Martinique (Vauclin) to conventional larvicides ( var [] and temephos) and potential alternatives (spinosad, diflubenzuron, and pyriproxyfen). The efficacy and residual activity of these insecticides were evaluated under simulated and field conditions. The Vauclin strain exhibited a high level of resistance to temephos, a tolerance to insect growth regulators, and full susceptibility to spinosad and . In simulated trials, pyriproxyfen and showed long residual activities in permanent breeding containers (28 and 37 weeks), whereas under field conditions they failed to curtail populations after four weeks. Conversely, diflubenzuron and spinosad showed a residual efficacy of 16 weeks, suggesting that these chemicals may be promising alternatives to and temephos for controlling insecticide-resistant populations.


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  • Received : 11 Jun 2010
  • Accepted : 16 Aug 2010
  • Published online : 05 Jan 2011

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