Volume 84, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We characterized the relationship of the presence of an improved latrine with diarrhea and under-five child mortality in Indonesia. The proportion of rural and urban families, respectively, without an improved latrine was 52.1% and 16.2%, with a child with a history of diarrhea in the last 7 days was 8.2% and 9.7%, and with a history of under-five child mortality was 11.1% and 8.5%. Among rural and urban families, respectively, lack of an improved latrine was associated with a child history of diarrhea in the last 7 days (odds ratio [OR] = 1.23, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.18–1.29, < 0.0001; OR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.13–1.27, < 0.0001) and under-five child mortality (OR = 1.29, 95% CI = 1.25–1.31, < 0.0001; OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.12–1.32, < 0.0001) in separate multivariable logistic regression models adjusting for covariates. The lack of a household improved latrine is associated with diarrhea and under-five child mortality in Indonesia.


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  • Received : 29 Apr 2010
  • Accepted : 01 Dec 2010
  • Published online : 04 Mar 2011

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