1921
Volume 83, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

A retrospective analysis was undertaken to determine the seroprevalence of infection in Sydney, Australia. Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, 429 high risk human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men who have sex with men (MSM), 446 low risk HIV-uninfected MSM, and 456 HIV-uninfected controls were assessed. Seroprevalence rates were 5.13% for the high risk HIV-infected MSM group, 0.22% for the low risk HIV-uninfected MSM group, and 0.44% for the control group. We found that high risk HIV-infected MSM have a significantly greater seroprevalence of with a relative risk of 22.87, when compared with low risk HIV-uninfected MSM and 11.69 when compared with controls. These findings show that in Sydney, sexually active HIV-infected MSM are at greater risk of developing amoebic disease caused by than HIV-uninfected MSM and the general population.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0231
2010-10-05
2017-11-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/83/4/914.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0231&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Stauffer W, Radvin JI, , 2003. Entamoeba histolytica: an update. Curr Opin Infect Dis 16: 479485.[Crossref]
  2. Guerrant RL, , 1986. Amebiasis: introduction, current status, and research questions. Rev Infect Dis 8: 218227.[Crossref]
  3. Stanley SL, , 2003. Amoebiasis. Lancet 361: 10251034.[Crossref]
  4. Haque R, Huston CD, Hughes M, Houpt E, Petri WA, , 2003. Amebiasis. N Engl J Med 348: 15651573.[Crossref]
  5. Salit IE, Khairnar K, Gough K, Pillai DR, , 2009. A possible cluster of sexually transmitted Entamoeba histolytica: genetic analysis of a highly virulent strain. Clin Infect Dis 49: 346353.[Crossref]
  6. Walsh JA, , 1986. Problems in recognition and diagnosis of amebiasis: estimation of the global magnitude of morbidity and mortality. Rev Infect Dis 8: 228238.[Crossref]
  7. Weinke T, Friedrich-Jaenicke B, Hopp P, Janitschke K, , 1990. Prevalence and clinical importance of Entamoeba histolytica in two high-risk groups: travelers returning from the tropics and male homosexuals. J Infect Dis 161: 10291031.[Crossref]
  8. Chen Y, Zhang Y, Yang B, Qi T, Lu H, Cheng X, Tachibana H, , 2007. Seroprevalence of Entamoeba histolytica infection in HIV-infected patients in China. Am J Trop Med Hyg 77: 825828.
  9. Ohnishi K, Kato Y, Imamura A, Fukayama M, Tsunoda T, Sakaue Y, Sakamoto M, Sagara H, , 2004. Present characteristics of symptomatic Entamoeba histolytica infection in the big cities of Japan. Epidemiol Infect 132: 5760.[Crossref]
  10. Park WB, Choe PG, Jo JH, Kim SH, Bang JH, Kim HB, Kim NJ, Oh M, Choe KW, , 2005. Amebic liver abscess in HIV-infected patients, Republic of Korea. Emerg Infect Dis 13: 516517.[Crossref]
  11. Hung CC, Deng HY, Hsiao WH, Hsieh SM, Hsiao CF, Chen MY, Chang SC, Su KE, , 2005. Invasive amebiasis as an emerging parasitic disease in patients with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in Taiwan. Arch Intern Med 165: 409415.[Crossref]
  12. Law CL, Walker J, Qassim MH, , 1991. Factors associated with the detection of Entamoeba histolytica in homosexual men. Int J STD AIDS 2: 346350.[Crossref]
  13. Fätkenheuer G, Arnold G, Steffen HM, Franzen C, Schrappe M, Diehl V, Salzberger B, , 1997. Invasive amoebiasis in two patients with AIDS and cytomegalovirus colitis. J Clin Microbiol 35: 21682169.
  14. McCarthy JS, Peacock D, Trown KP, Bade P, Petri WA, Currie BJ, , 2002. Endemic invasive amoebiasis in northern Australia. Med J Aust 177: 570.
  15. Fotedar R, Stark D, Beebe N, Marriott D, Ellis J, Harkness J, , 2007. PCR detection of Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar and Entamoeba moshkovskii in stool samples from Sydney, Australia. J Clin Microbiol 45: 10351037.[Crossref]
  16. Stark D, Fotedar R, van Hal S, , 2007. Prevalence of enteric protozoa in HIV-positive and HIV-negative men who have sex with men from Sydney, Australia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 76: 549552.
  17. Stark D, van Hal SJ, Matthews G, Harkness J, Marriott D, , 2008. Invasive amebiasis in men who have sex with men, Australia. Emerg Infect Dis 14: 11411143.[Crossref]
  18. Stark D, van Hal S, Fotedar R, Butcher A, Marriott D, Ellis J, Harkness J, , 2008. Comparison of stool antigen detection kits to PCR for diagnosis of amebiasis. J Clin Microbiol 46: 16781681.[Crossref]
  19. Healy GR, , 1986. Immunologic tools in the diagnosis of amebiasis: epidemiology in the United States. Rev Infect Dis 8: 239246.[Crossref]
  20. van Hal SJ, Stark DJ, Fotedar R, Marriott D, Ellis JT, Harkness JL, , 2007. Amoebiasis: current status in Australia. Med J Aust 186: 412416.
  21. Haque R, Mollah NU, Ali IK, Alam K, Eubanks A, Lyerly D, Petri WA, , 2000. Diagnosis of amebic liver abscess and intestinal infection with the TechLab Entamoeba histolytica II antigen detection and antibody tests. J Clin Microbiol 38: 32353239.
  22. Tsai JJ, Sun HY, Ke LY, Tsai KS, Chang SY, Hsieh SM, Hsiao CF, Yen JH, Hung CC, Chang SC, , 2006. Higher seroprevalence of Entamoeba histolytica infection is associated with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in Taiwan. Am J Trop Med Hyg 74: 10161019.
  23. Suzuki J, Kobayashi S, Iku I, Murata R, Yanagawa Y, Takeuchi T, , 2008. Seroprevalence of Entamoeba histolytica infection in female outpatients at a sexually transmitted disease sentinel clinic in Tokyo, Japan. Jpn J Infect Dis 61: 175178.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0231
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0231
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 21 Apr 2010
  • Accepted : 21 Jun 2010

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error