Volume 83, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by infection affected 172 (18.3%) of 938 Dutch military troops deployed in northern Afghanistan in 2005. The high attack rate was a result of initial insufficient availability of means of prevention and insufficient adherence to preventive measures. At presentation, the lymphatic system was involved in 24.8%. Treatment with intralesional injections of antimony with or without cryotherapy was satisfactory, but 19.5% of patients received secondary treatment with miltefosine. Six months after treatment, 128 (77.1%) of 166 treated patients were cured, 16 (9.6%) were lost to follow-up, and 22 (13.3%) already experienced cure at six weeks but were not seen at six months. Natural evolution played a role in this observational study, which showed cure of all patients seen at six months. In general, management of cutaneous leishmaniasis was feasible under field conditions.


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  • Received : 04 Mar 2010
  • Accepted : 14 Jul 2010

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