1921
Volume 83, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Five genera of potentially zoonotic bacteria and parasites were detected in environmentally collected fecal samples from a remote indigenous community in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Organisms identified include , , , spp., and spp. The prevalence and intensity of spp. and spp. in fecal samples was particularly remarkable. Three-quarters of samples tested contained at least one zoonotic species of , and -containing feces had an average of 2.9 × 10 organisms/g. Over one-half of samples tested contained spp. with an average of 9,266 cysts/g. Zoonotic Assemblage A was the only spp. genotype identified. These data suggest that canine feces have the potential to pose a significant health risk to Canadians in rural and remote indigenous communities.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0137
2010-08-05
2017-11-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/83/2/338.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0137&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Salb AL, Barkema HW, Elkin BT, Thompson RC, Whiteside DP, Black SR, Dubey JP, Kutz SJ, , 2008. Dogs as sources and sentinels of parasites in humans and wildlife, northern Canada. Emerg Infect Dis 14: 6063.[Crossref]
  2. Plaut M, Zimmerman EM, Goldstein RA, , 1996. Health hazards to humans associated with domestic pets. Annu Rev Public Health 17: 221245.[Crossref]
  3. Traub RJ, Monis PT, Robertson I, Irwin P, Mencke N, Thompson RC, , 2004. Epidemiological and molecular evidence supports the zoonotic transmission of Giardia among humans and dogs living in the same community. Parasitology 128: 253262.[Crossref]
  4. Cook GC, , 1989. Canine-associated zoonoses: an unacceptable hazard to human health. Q J Med 70: 526.
  5. Hotez PJ, , 2010. Neglected infections of poverty among the indigenous peoples of the arctic. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4: e606.[Crossref]
  6. Al Saghier M, Taylor MC, Greenberg HM, , 2001. Canadian-acquired hydatid disease: a case report. Can J Infect Dis 12: 178182.[Crossref]
  7. Somily A, Robinson JL, Miedzinski LJ, Bhargava R, Marrie J, , 2005. Echinoccocal disease in Alberta, Canada: more than a calcified opacity. BMC Infect Dis 5: 17.[Crossref]
  8. Jenkin GA, Tee W, , 1998. Campylobacter upsaliensis-associated diarrhea in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. Clin Infect Dis 27: 816821.[Crossref]
  9. Thompson RC, , 2000. Giardiasis as a re-emerging infectious disease and its zoonotic potential. Int J Parasitol 30: 12591267.[Crossref]
  10. MacMillan HL, MacMillan AB, Offord DR, Dingle JL, , 1996. Aboriginal health. Can Med Assoc J 155: 15691578.
  11. Himsworth CG, Jenkins E, Hill JE, Nsungu M, Ndao M, Thompson RCA, Covacin C, Ash A, Wagner BA, Leighton FA, Skinner S, , 2010. The emergence of sylvatic Echinococcus granulosus as a parasitic zoonosis of public health concern in an indigenous Canadian community. Am J Trop Med Hyg 82: 643645.[Crossref]
  12. Cox DD, Todd AC, , 1962. Survey of gastrointestinal parasitism in Wisconsin dairy cattle. J Am Vet Med Assoc 141: 706709.
  13. Olson ME, Thorlakson CL, Deselliers L, Morck DW, McAllister TA, , 1997. Giardia and Cryptosporidium in Canadian farm animals. Vet Parasitol 68: 375381.[Crossref]
  14. Lalle M, Pozio E, Capelli G, Bruschi F, Crotti D, Caccio SM, , 2005. Genetic heterogeneity at the beta-giardin locus among human and animal isolates of Giardia duodenalis and identification of potentially zoonotic subgenotypes. Int J Parasitol 35: 207213.[Crossref]
  15. Xiao L, Fayer R, , 2008. Molecular characterization of species and genotypes of Cryptosporidium and Giardia and assessment of zoonotic transmission. Int J Parasitol 38: 12391255.[Crossref]
  16. Caccio SM, Thompson RC, McLauchlin J, Smith HV, , 2005. Unraveling Cryptosporidium and Giardia epidemiology. Trends Parasitol 21: 430437.[Crossref]
  17. Hackett T, Lappin MR, , 2003. Prevalence of enteric pathogens in dogs of north-central Colorado. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 39: 5256.[Crossref]
  18. Chaban B, Musil KM, Himsworth CG, Hill JE, , 2009. Development of cpn60-based real-time quantitative PCR assays for the detection of 14 Campylobacter species and application to screening of canine fecal samples. Appl Environ Microbiol 75: 30553061.[Crossref]
  19. Petrie A, Watson P, , 2006. Statistics for Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 2nd ed. Ames, IA: Blackwell, 55173.
  20. Black RE, Levine MM, Clements ML, Hughes TP, Blaser MJ, , 1988. Experimental Campylobacter jejuni infection in humans. J Infect Dis 157: 472479.[Crossref]
  21. Tenkate TD, Stafford RJ, , 2001. Risk factors for Campylobacter infection in infants and young children: a matched case-control study. Epidemiol Infect 127: 399404.[Crossref]
  22. Lefebvre SL, Waltner-Towes D, Peregrine AS, Reid-Smith R, Hodge L, Arroyo LG, Weese JS, , 2006. Prevalence of zoonotic agents in dogs visiting hospitalized people in Ontario: implications for infection control. J Hosp Infect 62: 458466.[Crossref]
  23. Little SE, Johnson EM, Lewis D, Jaklitsch RP, Payton ME, Blagburn BL, Bowman DD, Moroff S, Tams T, Rich L, Aucoin D, , 2009. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in pet dogs in the United States. Vet Parasitol 166: 144152.[Crossref]
  24. Blagburn B, Schenker R, Gagne F, Drake J, Johnson P, Bowles D, Wiedemann A, Ganjam V, Fucci V, , 2008. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in companion animals in Ontario and Quebec, Canada, during the winter months. Vet Ther 9: 169175.
  25. Blagburn BL, Lindsay DS, Vaughan BS, Rippey NS, Wright JC, Lynn RC, Kelch WJ, Ritchie GC, Hepler DI, , 1996. Prevalence of canine parasites based on fecal flotation. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 18: 483509.
  26. Unruh DHA, King JE, Eaton RDP, Allen JR, , 1973. Parasites of dogs from Indian settlements in northwestern Canada: a survey with public health implications. Can J Comp Med 37: 2532.
  27. Jacobs SR, Forrester CPR, Yang J, , 2001. A survey of the prevalence of Giardia in dogs presented to Canadian veterinary practices. Can Vet J 42: 4546.
  28. Ortega YR, Adam RD, , 1997. Giardia: overview and update. Clin Infect Dis 25: 545549.[Crossref]
  29. Acke E, McGill K, Golden O, Jones BR, Fanning S, Whyte P, , 2009. Prevalence of thermophilic Campylobacter species in household cats and dogs in Ireland. Vet Rec 164: 4447.[Crossref]
  30. Parson BN, Porter CJ, Ryvar R, Stavinsky J, Williams NJ, Pinchbeck GL, Britles RJ, Christley RM, German AJ, Radford AD, Hart CA, Gaskell RM, Dawson S, , 2009. Prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in a cross-sectional study of dogs attending veterinary practices in the UK and risk indicators associated with shedding. Vet J 184: 6670.[Crossref]
  31. Wobeser GA, , 2006. Essentials of Disease in Wild Animals. Ames, IA: Blackwell, 37.
  32. Thevenet PS, Nancufil A, Oyarzo CM, Torrecillas C, Raso S, Mellado I, Flores ME, Cordoba MG, Minvielle MC, Basualdo JA, , 2004. An eco-epidemiological study of contamination of soil with infective forms of intestinal parasites. Eur J Epidemiol 19: 481489.[Crossref]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0137
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0137
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 02 Mar 2010
  • Accepted : 26 Mar 2010

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error