Volume 83, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Catches of and with the Ifakara Tent Trap-model B (ITT-B) correlate better with human landing catches than any other method but fail to reduce the proportion of blood-fed mosquito caught, which indicates that users are exposed to bites during collection. An improved C model (ITT-C) was developed and evaluated by comparing with ITT-B in semi-field and full-field conditions in southern Tanzania. The sensitivity of the ITT-C was approximately two times that of the ITT-B: relative rate (95% confidence interval) = 1.92 (1.52–2.42), 1.90 (1.48–2.43), and 2.30 (1.54–3.30) for field populations of , spp., and spp., respectively. The ITT-C caught 73% less blood-fed than the ITT-B in open field experiments and none in semi-field experiments, which confirmed that the C design is a safe trapping method. Validation of ITT-C by comparison with human landing catches and parasitologic measures of human infection status may be necessary to confirm that this design produces consistent and epidemiologically meaningful results.


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Supplementary material

  • Received : 13 Nov 2009
  • Accepted : 22 Apr 2010

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