Volume 82, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Anamnesis data of 104 patients with Cystic Echinococcosis were correlated retrospectively with the detected species/strain of Ninety-two percent ( = 23) of autochthonous Austrian and 33% ( = 9) of patients with former Yugoslavian (YU) origin were infected with G7, the pig strain. All patients originating from Turkey harbored G1, the sheep strain. All G7-infected patients showed small liver cysts (ø 5.9 cm), only one of them an additional lung cyst. The median age at the time of operation of the Austrian patients was 55 years, of the Turkish patients 30 years, and of the former YU patients 23 years in the and 42 years in the -infected patients, respectively. The unexpected high number of G7-infected patients and the immigrants' young age show the importance of as a cause of human Cystic Echinococcosis in Central Europe and accordingly this new species has to be included into future echinococcosis control programs.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Budke CM, , 2006. Global socioeconomic impact of cystic echinococcosis. Emerg Infect Dis 12: 296303.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  2. Auer H, Aspöck H, , 2002. Die zystische und die alveoläre Echinokokkose–die gefählichsten Helminthosen Mitteleuropas. Denisia 6: 333353. [Google Scholar]
  3. Auer H, Aspöck H, , 2001. Human alveolar echinococcosis in Austria: the recent epidemiological situation. Helminthologia 38: 314. [Google Scholar]
  4. Romig T, Dinkel A, Mackenstedt U, , 2006. The present situation of echinococcosis in Europe. Parasitol Int 55 (Suppl): S187S191.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  5. Nakao M, McManus DP, Schantz PM, Craig PS, Ito A, , 2007. A molecular phylogeny of the genus Echinococcus inferred from complete mitochondrial genomes. Parasitology 134: 713722.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  6. Schneider R, Gollackner B, Edel B, Schmid K, Wrba F, Tucek G, Walochnik J, Auer H, , 2008. Development of a new PCR protocol for the detection of species and genotypes (strains) of Echinococcus in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. Int J Parasitol 38: 10651071.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  7. World Health Organization Informal Working Group, 2003. International classification of ultrasound images in cystic echinococcosis for application in clinical and field epidemiological settings. Acta Trop 85: 253261.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  8. Bowles J, McManus DP, , 1993. NADH dehydrogenase 1 gene sequences compared for species and strains of the genus Echinococcus . Int J Parasitol 23: 969972.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  9. Pawlowski Z, Stefaniak J, , 2003. The pig strain of Echinococcus granulosus in humans: a neglected issue? Trends Parasitol 19: 439.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  10. Turcekova L, Snabel V, D'Amelio S, Busi M, Dubinsky P, , 2003. Morphological and genetic characterization of Echinococcus granulosus in the Slovak Republic. Acta Trop 85: 223229.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  11. Eckert J, Deplazes P, , 2004. Biological, epidemiological, and clinical aspects of echinococcosis, a zoonosis of increasing concern. Clin Microbiol Rev 17: 107135.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  12. Gonzalez LM, Daniel-Mwambete K, Montero E, Rosenzvit MC, McManus DP, Garate T, Cuesta-Bandera C, , 2002. Further molecular discrimination of Spanish strains of Echinococcus granulosus . Exp Parasitol 102: 4656.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  13. Villalobos N, Gonzalez LM, Morales J, de Aluja AS, Jimenez MI, Blanco MA, Harrison LJ, Parkhouse RM, Garate T, , 2007. Molecular identification of Echinococcus granulosus genotypes (G1 and G7) isolated from pigs in Mexico. Vet Parasitol 147: 185189.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  14. Obwaller A, Schneider R, Walochnik J, Gollackner B, Deutz A, Janitschke K, Aspock H, Auer H, , 2004. Echinococcus granulosus strain differentiation based on sequence heterogeneity in mitochondrial genes of cytochrome c oxidase-1 and NADH dehydrogenase-1. Parasitology 128: 569575.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  15. Logar J, Soba B, Kotar T, , 2008. Serological evidence for human cystic echinococcosis in Slovenia. BMC Infect Dis 8: 63.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  16. Schantz PM, , 2005. The burden of echinococcosis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 73: 1. [Google Scholar]
  17. Altintas N, , 2003. Past to present: echinococcosis in Turkey. Acta Trop 85: 105112.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  18. Gollackner B, Langle F, Auer H, Maier A, Mittlbock M, Agstner I, Karner J, Langer F, Aspock H, Loidolt H, Rockenschaub S, Steininger R, , 2000. Radical surgical therapy of abdominal cystic hydatid disease: factors of recurrence. World J Surg 24: 717721.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  19. Todorov T, Boeva V, , 1999. Human echinococcosis in Bulgaria: a comparative epidemiological analysis. Bull World Health Organ 77: 110118. [Google Scholar]
  20. Torgerson PR, Karaeva RR, Corkeri N, Abdyjaparov TA, Kuttubaev OT, Shaikenov BS, , 2003. Human cystic echinococcosis in Kyrgystan: an epidemiological study. Acta Trop 85: 5161.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  21. Jenkins DJ, Romig T, Thompson RC, , 2005. Emergence/re-emergence of Echinococcus spp.–a global update. Int J Parasitol 35: 12051219.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  22. Dinkel A, Njoroge EM, Zimmermann A, Walz M, Zeyhle E, Elmahdi IE, Mackenstedt U, Romig T, , 2004. A PCR system for detection of species and genotypes of the Echinococcus granulosus-complex, with reference to the epidemiological situation in eastern Africa. Int J Parasitol 34: 645653.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  23. Naidich A, McManus DP, Canova SG, Gutierrez AM, Zhang W, Guarnera EA, Rosenzvit MC, , 2006. Patent and pre-patent detection of Echinococcus granulosus genotypes in the definitive host. Mol Cell Probes 20: 510.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  24. Thompson RC, McManus DP, , 2002. Towards a taxonomic revision of the genus Echinococcus . Trends Parasitol 18: 452457.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  25. Craig PS, McManus DP, Lightowlers MW, Chabalgoity JA, Garcia HH, Gavidia CM, Gilman RH, Gonzalez AE, Lorca M, Naquira C, Nieto A, Schantz PM, , 2007. Prevention and control of cystic echinococcosis. Lancet Infect Dis 7: 385394.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  26. Chow C, Gauci CG, Vural G, Jenkins DJ, Heath DD, Rosenzvit MC, Harandi MF, Lightowlers MW, , 2008. Echinococcus granulosus: variability of the host-protective EG95 vaccine antigen in G6 and G7 genotypic variants. Exp Parasitol 119: 499505.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  27. Lightowlers MW, Lawrence SB, Gauci CG, Young J, Ralston MJ, Maas D, Health DD, , 1996. Vaccination against hydatidosis using a defined recombinant antigen. Parasite Immunol 18: 457462.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 23 Oct 2009
  • Accepted : 15 Dec 2009
  • Published online : 05 May 2010

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error