Volume 82, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



In Cyprus, leishmaniasis has been considered exclusively a veterinary problem. It was prevalent before 1945, and until its recent reemergence, it was nearly eradicated by 1996 as a consequence of the destruction of reservoir hosts and vectors. A survey carried out to provide an unbiased estimate of current transmission rates in dogs and humans showed a 9-fold increase in dog seroprevalence (reaching 14.9%) compared with 10 years ago. However, no human cases caused by were detected, although cases were reported recently. The 62 strains isolated from dogs were typed as MON-1 (98.4%), which is the predominating zymodeme in the Mediterranean region, and MON-98 (1.6%). The species (vector of in Cyprus), , and were the predominant species captured. Two transmission cycles seem to run in parallel in Cyprus: in dogs with and in humans with .


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  • Received : 25 May 2009
  • Accepted : 04 Dec 2009
  • Published online : 05 Mar 2010

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