1921
Volume 82, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

The new recommendations to prevent malaria in pregnant women have recently been implemented in Gabon. There is little information on the pregnancy indicators that are useful for their evaluation. A cross-sectional study for the assessment of the prevalence of peripheral, placental, and cord malaria and anemia among delivering women was performed at the largest public hospital of Gabon. Malaria prevalence was 34.4%, 53.6%, and 18.2% for maternal peripheral, placental, and cord blood respectively, with no difference between primigravidae and multigravidae. Submicroscopic infections were frequent and concerned all the positive cord samples. Maternal peripheral, late placental, and cord infections were all associated with a reduced mean birth weight in primigravidae ( = 0.02). Anemia prevalence was 53%, low birth rate was 13%, and prematurity was 25%. The use of intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (greater than or equal to one dose) combined with bed net was associated with a reduction in infection only in multigravidae and with a reduced risk of maternal anemia.

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2010-02-01
2017-11-20
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  • Received : 19 May 2009
  • Accepted : 25 Oct 2009

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