1921
Volume 81, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

More sensitive methods for diagnosing infection with are needed as control becomes more effective. We compared a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for stool samples with conventional diagnostic methods in a study of 1,727 persons from Anhui Province, China. Seroprevalence determined by using an indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA) was much higher (26.1%) than the prevalence in stool-based tests, which were 5.3%, 3.2%, and 3.0% for PCR, hatching test, and Kato-Katz thick smear, respectively. A large proportion of the positive stool samples were only positive in one or two tests. The PCR showed better agreement with IHA than the other two stool-based tests. A commonly used diagnostic algorithm with initial screening for antibodies and subsequent testing with the Kato-Katz thick smear of the seropositive results would have resulted in treatment of 22 people compared with 50 people if the PCR replaced the Kato-Katz thick smear. As prevalence and intensity decrease, the benefit of increased sensitivity using the PCR must be weighed against additional costs.

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  • Received : 08 May 2009
  • Accepted : 10 Jun 2009

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