Volume 80, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed up to 4 years after treatment in a patient with infection. Four years after treatment and cure abnormalities were still present, although the patient led a normal social life, without physical and mental impairments. The literature on MRI in human African trypanosomiasis is reviewed. The MRI is useful to discriminate between encephalitis induced by trypanosomiasis and post-treatment reactive encephalopathy, a severe and often fatal complication of treatment, in particular of treatment with arsenicals. The MRI is not useful for diagnosis of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT).


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  • Received : 26 May 2008
  • Accepted : 02 Feb 2009

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