1921
Volume 80, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Effective and affordable treatment of malaria is critical in the face of resistance of to chloroquine (CQ) and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP). We conducted a randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of chlorproguanil-dapsone (CD) with a combination SP plus CQ in children in Nigeria less than five years of age with malaria. Of 264 children enrolled, 122 (89.7%) and 118 (92.2%) completed the study in the SP + CQ and CD groups, respectively. By day 3, 96 (78.7%) and 94 (79.7%) had cleared their parasitemia ( = 0.79), and 107 (87.7%) and 109 (92.4%) were symptom free ( = 0.32) in the SP + CQ and CD groups, respectively. Adequate clinical and parasitologic response at day 14 occurred in 111 (94.1%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 91.6–95.7%) in the CD group and 113 (92.6%; 95% CI = 89.9–94.3%) in the SP + CQ group ( = 0.85). SP + CQ and CD had similar antimalarial efficacy and still provide affordable treatment of uncomplicated malaria in northcentral Nigeria.

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2009-02-01
2017-11-22
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  • Received : 28 May 2008
  • Accepted : 09 Oct 2008

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