1921
Volume 81, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

We determined whether the school-based “disease mapping” methodology used to assess urinary schistosomiasis (SCH) is useful for determining trachoma interventions and whether the district-based approach recommended for trachoma is useful for SCH control programs. We conducted two separate integrated surveys in eight districts of central Nigeria: school based and district based. A total of 17,189 children were examined for trachoma and 16,238 children were examined for hematuria from 363 schools and 2,149 households. School surveys identified 67 communities warranting praziquantel drug treatment of SCH and 142 trachoma-endemic communities warranting trachoma control activities. In district-level estimates, we identified 24 communities for praziquantel treatment and 0 for trachoma intervention. Integrating trachoma into SCH school-based surveys, and SCH into trachoma surveys, was quick and easy, but in this setting, school-based surveys were more useful for identifying communities where intervention is warranted.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0236
2009-11-01
2017-11-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/81/5/0810793.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0236&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Molyneux DH, 2008. Combating the “other diseases” of MDG 6: changing the paradigm to achieve equity and poverty reduction? Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102: 509–519.
  2. Ngondi J, Reacher M, Matthews F, Brayne C, Emerson PM, 2009. Trachoma survey methods: a literature review. Bull World Health Organ 87: 143–151.
  3. World Health Organization, 2006. Trachoma Control: A Guide for Program Managers. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  4. Resnikoff S, Huguet P, Mariotti SP, 2007. Certification of the elimination of blinding trachoma by the World Health Organization. Rev. Int. Trachome Pathol. Ocul. Trop. Subtrop. Sante Publ. Créteil. Univ. Paris XII 84: 59–68.
  5. Chitsulo L, Lengeler C, Jenkins J, 1995. The Schistosomiasis Manual. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  6. World Health Organization, 2006. Preventive Chemotherapy in Human Helminthiasis: Coordinated Use of Anthelminthic Drugs in Control Interventions. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  7. Lengeler C, Mshinda H, Morona D, deSavigny D, 1993. Urinary schistosomiasis: testing with urine filtration and reagent sticks for haematuria provides a comparable prevalence estimate. Acta Trop 53: 39–50.
  8. Lwambo NJ, Savioli L, Kisumku UM, Alawi KS, Bundy DA, 1997. The relationship between prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium infection and different morbidity indicators during the course of a control programme on Pemba Island. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 91: 643–646.
  9. Savioli L, Dixon H, Kisumku UM, Mott KE, 1989. Control of morbidity due to Schistosoma haematobium on Pemba island; selective population chemotherapy of schoolchildren with haematuria to identify high-risk localities. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 83: 805–810.
  10. Thylefors B, Dawson CR, Jones BR, West SK, Taylor HR, 1987. A simple system for the assessment of trachoma and its complications. Bull World Health Organ 65: 477–483.
  11. Woodruff R, 1971. A simple method for approximating the variance of a complicated estimate. J Am Stat Assoc 66: 411–414.
  12. SAS Institute, 2004. SAS Online Doc ® 9.1.3. Cary, NC: SAS Institute.
  13. Mabey DCW, Solomon AW, Foster A, 2003. Trachoma. Lancet 362: 223–229.
  14. Ngondi J, Gebre T, Shargie EB, Graves PM, Ejigsemahu Y, Teferi T, Genet A, Mosher A, Endeshaw T, Zerihun M, Messele A, Richards FO, Emerson PM, 2008. Risk factors for active trachoma in children and trichiasis in adults: a household survey in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102: 432–438.
  15. Gutman J, Fagbemi A, Alphonsus K, Eigege A, Miri ES, Richards FO Jr, 2008. Missed treatment opportunities for Schistosomiasis mansoni, in an active programme for the treatment of urinary schistosomiasis in Plateau and Nasarawa states, Nigeria. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 102: 335–346.
  16. Jip N, King JD, Diallo MO, Miri ES, Hamza AT, Ngondi J, Emerson PM, 2008. Blinding trachoma in Katsina state, Nigeria: population-based prevalence survey in ten local government areas. Ophthalmic Epidemiol 15: 294–302.
  17. Mpyet C, Ogoshi C, Goyol M, 2008. Prevalence of trachoma in Yobe State, north-eastern Nigeria. Ophthalmic Epidemiol 15: 303–307.
  18. Mansur R, Muhammad N, Liman IR, 2007. Prevalence and magnitude of trachoma in a local government area of Sokoto State, north western Nigeria. Niger J Med 16: 348–353.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0236
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0236
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 05 May 2009
  • Accepted : 14 Jul 2009

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error