1921
Volume 79, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Bangladesh experienced severe flooding and diarrheal epidemics in 2007. We compared flood data from 2007 with 2004 and 1998 for diarrheal patients attending the ICDDR,B hospital in Dhaka. In 2007, O1 (33%), rotavirus (12%), and enterotoxigenic (ETEC) (12%) were most prevalent. More severe dehydration was seen in 2007 compared with 2004 and 1998 ( < 0.001). In 2007, O1 Inaba (52%) and Ogawa (48%) were seen, whereas in 2004 and 1998 it was primarily Inaba and the Ogawa types, respectively ( < 0.001). In 2007, 51% of ETEC produced the heat labile toxin (LT) ( < 0.001 compared with 2004), 22% expressed the heat stable (ST) ( < 0.001), and 27% were ST/LT positive ( = 0.231). The CS7 colonization factor (CF) was the most prevalent in 2007 (20% compared with 6% in 2004; = 0.05). Our findings demonstrate alterations in clinical features and phenotypic changes of major bacterial pathogens in the recent Bangladesh flood.

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2008-11-01
2017-09-25
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  • Received : 01 Jul 2008
  • Accepted : 04 Aug 2008

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