Volume 79, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


To determine the effectiveness of ceramic filters in reducing diarrhea, we conducted a randomized controlled trial in Zimbabwe and South Africa, in which 61 of 115 households received ceramic filters. Incidence of non-bloody and bloody diarrhea was recorded daily over 6 months using pictorial diaries for children 24–36 months of age. Poisson regression was used to compare incidence rates in intervention and control households. Adjusted for source quality, intervention household drinking water showed reduced counts (relative risk, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.50–0.89). Zero were obtained for drinking water in 56.9% of intervention households. The incidence rate ratio for bloody diarrhea was 0.20 (95% CI, 0.09–0.43; < 0.001) and for non-bloody diarrhea was 0.17 (95% CI, 0.08–0.38; < 0.001), indicating much lower diarrhea incidence among filter users. The results suggest that ceramic filters are effective in reducing diarrheal disease incidence.


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  • Received : 01 Sep 2007
  • Accepted : 25 Jun 2008

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