1921
Volume 79, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

A study on the clinicoepidemiology of cerebral malaria (CM) and mild malaria (MM) among adults and children attending NSCB medical college hospital Jabalpur and civil hospital Maihar, Satna, in central India was undertaken. Of 1,633 patients, 401 were and 18 . Of 401, 199 CM patients and 112 MM patients were enrolled. Severe complications among CM patients were jaundice (26%), acute renal failure (22%), respiratory distress (22%), severe malaria anemia (18%), hypotension (17%), hepatic encephalopathy (7.0%), and hematuria (5%). Among CM cases, seizures and severe malaria anemia were significantly higher in children ( < 0.0001) compared with adults, whereas jaundice ( < 0.0025), acute renal failure ( < 0.0001), and hematuria ( ≤ 0.05) were significantly higher among adults. Mortality was high among adults with multiple organ failures. Overall case fatality rate was 21%. Neurologic sequelae at discharge from the hospital were 3%, whereas at follow-up, only 1% had persistent neurologic sequelae.

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2008-10-01
2017-12-17
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  • Received : 24 Mar 2008
  • Accepted : 15 Jun 2008

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