Volume 79, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


To determine the prevalence and healthcare-seeking behavior of tuberculosis (TB) suspects in Middle and South Jordan. A community-based survey was carried out between June–September 2005, whereby 61,730 adult household members were inquired about the presence of persistent cough for more than three weeks to identify TB suspects. These adults were then interviewed and referred to the nearest health center for clinical and sputum smear examination. Of the 61,730 surveyed household members, 1,544 (2.51%) were identified as TB suspects, of these two were sputum smear positive pulmonary TB. The first action with the onset of symptoms was to visit the health centers. Reasons for timely seeking care were accessibility of the facilities and confidence in obtaining a cure, and obstacles were belief that symptoms would resolve and economic constraints in rural residents. Females, rural residents, expatriates, and using private means of transportation were predictors of delay in seeking care for more than three weeks. This study has set the baseline information about the prevalence of TB suspects in Jordan and their healthcare-seeking behavior that shows community preference to seek care at health centers. These should be upgraded and the health workers trained on suspect management to enhance the TB elimination efforts.


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  • Received : 03 Apr 2008
  • Accepted : 20 Jun 2008

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