1921
Volume 79, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Dengue viruses (DENV) cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide and are transmitted by the mosquito . Mosquitoes become infected after ingesting a viremic bloodmeal, and molecular mechanisms involved in bloodmeal digestion may affect the ability of DENV to infect the midgut. We used RNA interference (RNAi) to silence expression of four midgut serine proteases and assessed the effect of each RNAi phenotype on DENV-2 infectivity of . Silencing resulted in significant reductions in protease mRNA levels and correlated with a reduction in activity except in the case of late trypsin. RNA silencing of chymotrypsin, early and late trypsin had no effect on DENV-2 infectivity. However, silencing of 5G1 or the addition of soybean trypsin inhibitor to the infectious bloodmeals significantly increased midgut infection rates. These results suggest that some midgut serine proteases may actually limit DENV-2 infectivity of

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2008-08-01
2017-11-19
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  • Received : 16 Jan 2008
  • Accepted : 18 May 2008

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