1921
Volume 79, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

This study evaluated the infection caused by and agents among dogs in southern Brazil. A total of 389 dogs were tested by the indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) for and . Overall, 42.4% (165/389) of the dogs were seroreactive to at least one species, but only 11 canine sera reacted with another species without reacting with A total of 100 (25.7%) canine sera showed titers to at least 4-fold higher than those to any of the other rickettsial antigens, allowing us to consider that these dogs were infected by . Dogs that had direct contact with pasture or forest areas were > 2 times more likely to be seroreactive to than dogs with no such direct contact. Only 19 (4.8%) of the 389 dogs were seroreactive to

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.79.102
2008-07-01
2017-09-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/79/1/0790102.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.79.102&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Raoult D, Roux V, 1997. Rickettsioses as paradigms of new or emerging infectious diseases. Clin Microbiol Rev 10 : 694–719.
  2. Angerami RN, Resende MR, Feltrin AF, Katz G, Nascimento EM, Stucchi RS, Silva LJ, 2006. Brazilian spotted fever: a case series from an endemic area in southeastern Brazil: epidemiological aspects. Ann NY Acad Sci 1078 : 170–172.
  3. Gomes LS, 1932. Estudo experimental do typho exanthematico de São Paulo. Piza JT, Meyer JR, Salles-Gomes L, eds. Tifo Exantemático de São Paulo, São Paulo: Sociedade Impressora Paulista, 138–156.
  4. Guedes E, Leite RC, Prata MCA, Pacheco RC, Walker DH, Labruna MB, 2005. Detection of Rickettsia rickettsii in the tick Amblyomma cajennense in a new Brazilian spotted fever-endemic area in the state of Minas Gerais. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 100 : 841–845.
  5. Nascimento EM, Gehrke FS, Maldonado RA, Colombo S, Silva LJ, Schumaker TT, 2005. Detection of Brazilian spotted fever infection by polymerase chain reaction in a patient from the state of São Paulo. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 100 : 277–279.
  6. Pinter A, Labruna MB, 2006. Isolation of Rickettsia rickettsii and Rickettsia bellii in cell culture from the tick Amblyomma aureolatum in Brazil. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1078 : 523–529.
  7. Madeira A, 2004. Surto de febre maculosa no estado de Santa Catarina. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 13 : 364.
  8. Estrada-Pena A, Guglielmone AA, Mangold AJ, 2004. The distribution and ecological ‘preferences’ of the tick Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae), an ectoparasite of humans and other mammals in the Americas. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 98 : 283–292.
  9. Evans DE, Martins JR, Guglielmone AA, 2000. A review of the ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of Brazil, their hosts and geographic distribution 1. The state of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 95 : 453–470.
  10. La Scola B, Raoult D, 1997. Laboratory diagnosis of rickettsioses: current approaches to diagnosis of old and new rickettsial diseases. J Clin Microbiol 35 : 2715–2727.
  11. Labruna MB, Horta MC, Aguiar DM, Cavalcante GT, Pinter A, Gennari SM, Camargo LMA, 2007. Prevalence of Rickettsia infection in dogs from the urban and rural areas of Monte Negro Municipality, western Amazon, Brazil. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 7 : 249–255.
  12. Breitschwerdt EB, Walker DH, Levy MG, Burgdorfer W, Corbett WT, Hurlbert SA, Stebbins ME, Curtis BC, Allen DA, 1988. Clinical, hematologic, and humoral immune response in female dogs inoculated with Rickettsia rickettsii and Rickettsia montana. Am J Vet Res 49 : 70–76.
  13. Santibáñez S, Ibarra V, Portillo A, Blanco JR, Martínez de Artola V, Guerrero A, Oteo JA, 2006. Evaluation of IgG antibody response against Rickettsia conorii and Rickettsia slovaca in patients with DEBONEL/TIBOLA. Ann NY Acad Sci 1078 : 570–572.
  14. Nascimento EM, Schumaker TTS, 2004. Isolamento e identificação de riquétsias no Brasil. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 13 : 193–196.
  15. Labruna MB, Whitworth T, Horta MC, Bouyer DH, McBride JW, Pinter A, Popov V, Gennari SM, Walker DH, 2004. Rickettsia species infecting Amblyomma cooperi ticks from an area in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, where Brazilian spotted fever is endemic. J Clin Microbiol 42 : 90–98.
  16. Silveira I, Pacheco RC, Szabó MPJ, Ramos HGC, Labruna MB, 2007. First report of Rickettsia parkeri in Brazil. Emerg Infect Dis 13 : 1111–1113.
  17. Labruna MB, Whitworth T, Bouyer DH, McBride JW, Camargo LMA, Camargo EP, Popov V, Walker DH, 2004. Rickettsia bellii and Rickettsia amblyommii in Amblyomma ticks from the State of Rondônia, Western Amazon, Brazil. J Med Entomol 41 : 1073–1081.
  18. Labruna MB, Pacheco RC, Richtzenhain LJ, Szabo MP, 2007. Isolation of Rickettsia rhipicephali and Rickettsia bellii from ticks Haemaphysalis juxtakochi in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Appl Environ Microbiol 73 : 869–873.
  19. Horta MC, Labruna MB, Pinter A, Linardi PM, Schumaker TTS, 2007. Rickettsia infection in five areas of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 102 : 793–801.
  20. Paddock CD, Sumner JW, Comer JA, Zaki SR, Goldsmith CS, Goddard J, McLellan SL, Tamminga CL, Ohl CA, 2004. Rickettsia parkeri: a newly recognized cause of spotted fever rick-ettsiosis in the United States. Clin Infect Dis 38 : 805–811.
  21. Aguiar DM, Cavalcante GT, Pinter A, Gennari SM, Camargo LMA, Labruna MB, 2007. Prevalence of Ehrlichia canis (Rick-ettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) in dogs and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks from Brazil. J Med Entomol 44 : 126–132.
  22. Horta MC, Labruna MB, Sangioni LA, Vianna MCB, Gennari SM, Galvão MAM, Mafra CL, Vidotto O, Schumaker TTS, Walker DH, 2004. Prevalence of antibodies to spotted fever group Rickettsiae in humans and domestic animals in a Brazilian spotted fever-endemic area in the State of São Paulo, Brazil: serologic evidence for infection by Rickettsia rickettsii and another spotted fever group Rickettsia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 71 : 93–97.
  23. Aguiar DM, Saito TB, Hagiwara MK, Machado RZ, Labruna MB, 2007. Diagnóstico sorológico de erliquiose canina com antígeno brasileiro de Ehrlichia canis. Cien Rural Santa Maria 37 : 796–802.
  24. McBride JW, Corstvet RE, Breitschwerdt EB, Walker DH, 2001. Immunodiagnosis of Ehrlichia canis infection with recombinant proteins. J Clin Microbiol 39 : 315–322.
  25. SPSS for Windows, 1999. SPSS Base 9.0.1. Users Guide. Chicago: SPSS.
  26. Paddock CD, 2005. Rickettsia parkeri as a paradigm for multiple causes of tick-borne spotted fever in the western hemisphere. Ann NY Acad Sci 1063 : 315–326.
  27. Venzal JM, Portillo A, Estrada-Peña A, Castro O, Cabrera PA, Oteo JA, 2004. Rickettsia parkeri in Amblyomma triste from Uruguay. Emerg Infect Dis 10 : 1493–1495.
  28. Chapman AS, Bakken JS, Folk SM, Paddock CD, Bloch KC, Krusell A, Sexton DJ, Buckingham SC, Marshall GS, Storch GA, Dasch GA, McQuiston JH, Swerdlow DL, Dumler SJ, Nicholson WL, Walker DH, Eremeeva ME, Ohl CA, Tick-borne Rickettsial Diseases Working Group CDC, 2006. Diagnosis and management of tickborne rickettsial diseases: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichioses, and anaplasmosis-United States: a practical guide for physicians and other health-care and public health professionals. MMWR Recomm Rep 55 : 1–27.
  29. Pinter A, Horta MC, Pacheco RC, Moraes-Filho J, Labruna MB, 2008. Serosurvey for Rickettsia spp. in dogs and humans from a Brazilian spotted fever endemic area in the state of São Paulo. Cad Saude Publica 24:.
  30. Sangioni LA, Horta MC, Vianna MCB, Gennari SM, Soares RM, Galvão MAM, Schumaker TTS, Ferreira F, Vidotto O, Labruna MB, 2005. Rickettsial infection in animals and Brazilian spotted fever endemicity. Emerg Infect Dis 11 : 265–270.
  31. Labruna MB, Pereira MC, 2001. Carrapato em cães no Brasil. Rev Clin Vet 6 : 24–32.
  32. Labarthe N, Campos Pereira M, Balbarini O, Mckee W, Coimbra CA, Hoskins J, 2003. Serologic prevalence of Dirofilaria immintis, Ehrlichia canis and Borrelia burgdorferi infection in Brazil. Vet Ther 4 : 67–75.
  33. Venzal JM, Castro O, Cabrera PA, De Souza CG, Guglielmone AA, 2003. Garrapatas de importancia médica y veterinaria en Uruguay. Entomol. Vect 10 : 635–650.
  34. Pacheco RC, Venzal JM, Richtzenhain LJ, Labruna MB, 2006. Rickettsia parkeri in Uruguay. Emerg Infec Dis 12 : 1804–1805.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.79.102
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.79.102
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 07 Jan 2008
  • Accepted : 28 Mar 2008

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error