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Volume 78, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Environmental O139 May Be the Progenitor of Outbreak of Cholera in Coastal Area of Orissa, Eastern India, 2000: Molecular Evidence, Page 1 of 1

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2008-05-01
2017-09-21
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References

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  2. Nair GB, Albert MJ, Shimada T, Takeda Y, 1996. V. cholerae O139 Bengal, the new serogroup causing cholera. Rev Med Microbiol 7 : 43–51.
  3. Albert MJ, Siddique AK, Islam MS, Faruque ASG, Ansaruzzaman M, Faruque SM, Sack RB, 1993. Large outbreak of clinical cholera due to V. cholerae non-O1 in Bangladesh. Lancet 341 : 704.
  4. Ramamurthy T, Garg S, Sharma R, Bhattacharya SK, Nair GB, Shimada T, Takeda T, Karasawa T, Kurazono H, Palit A, Takeda Y, 1993. Emergence of a novel strains of Vibrio cholerae with epidemic potential in southern India. Lancet 341 : 703–704.
  5. Shimada T, Nair GB, Deb BC, Albert MJ, Sack RB, Takeda Y, 1993. Outbreak of Vibrio cholerae non-O1 in India and Bangladesh. Lancet 341 : 1347.
  6. Huq A, Colwell RR, Chowdhury MAR, Xu B, Moniruzzaman SM, Islam MS, Yunus M, Albert MJ, 1995. Co-existence of V. cholerae O1 and O139 Bengal in Plankton in Bangladesh. Lancet 345 : 1245.
  7. Islam MS, Drasar BS, Sack RB, 1994. The aquatic flora and fauna as reservoir of V. Cholerae: a review. J Diarrhoea Dis Res 12 : 87–96.
  8. Shukla B, Singh DV, Sanyal SC, 1995. Attachment of non-culturable toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1, O139, non- O1 and non-O139 and Aeromonas spp. to the aquatic arthropod Gerris spinolae and the plants in the river Ganga,Varanasi. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 12 : 113–120.
  9. Son R, Rasul G, Samuel L, Yuherman, Senthil S, Rasip A, Nasreldin EH, Nishibuchi M, 1998. Characterization of V. cholerae O139 Bengal isolated from water in Malayasia. J Appl Microbiol 85 : 1073–1077.
  10. World Health Organization, 1987. Manual for laboratory investigations of acute enteric infections. CDD/83.3. Program for control of diarrhoeal disease. World Health Organization. Geneva, Switzerland.
  11. Sinha S, Chowdhury P, Chowdhury NR, Kamruzzaman M, Faruque SM, Ramamurthy T, Bhattacharya SK, Yamasaki S, Takeda Y, Nair GB, 2001. Molecular comparison of toxigenic clinical and non–toxigenic environmental strains of Vibrio cholerae O1 Ogawa isolated during an outbreak of cholera in South India. Ind J Med Res 114 : 883–889.
  12. Svenerholm AM, Holmgren J, 1978. Identification of Escherchia Coli heat—labile enterotoxin by means of ganglioside immunosorbent assay (GM1, ELISA). Curr Microbiol 1 : 19–23.
  13. Bauer AW, Kirby WMN, Sherri JC, Turek M, 1966. Antibiotic susceptibility testing by a standardized single disk method. Am J Clin Pathol 45 : 493–496.
  14. World Health Organization, 1993. Guidelines for cholera control. World Health Organization. Geneva, Switzerland.
  15. Yamamoto T, Nair GB, Parodi CC, Takeda Y, 1995. In vitro susceptibilities to antimicrobial agents of Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 39 : 241–244.
  16. Keasler SP, Hall RH, 1993. Detecting and biotyping Vibrio cholerae O1 with multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Lancet 341 : 1661.
  17. Rivera ING, Chun J, Huq A, Sack RB, Colwell RR, 2001. Genotype associated with virulence in environmental isolates of Vibrio cholerae. Appl Environ Microbial 67 : 2421–2429.
  18. Shi L, Miyoshi S, Hiura M, Tomochika K, Shimada T, Shinoda S, 1998. Detection of genes encoding cholera toxin (CT), zonnula occludens toxin (ZOT), accessory cholera entero toxin (ACE) and heat stable entero toxin (ST) in Vibrio mimicus clinical strains. Microbial Immunol 42 : 823–828.
  19. Berg DF, Akopyants NS, Kersulyte D, 1994. Finger printing microbial genomes using the RAPD or AP-PCR method. Meth Mol Cell Biol 5 : 13–24.
  20. Chhotray GP, Pal BB, Khuntia HK, Chowdhury NR, Chakraborty S, Yamasaki S, Ramamurthy T, Takeda Y, Bhattacharya SK, Nair GB, 2002. Incidence and molecular analysis of Vibrio cholerae associated with cholera outbreak subsequent to the super cyclone in Orissa, India. Epidemiol Infect 128 : 131–138.
  21. Bhanumathi R, Sabeena F, Isac SR, Shukla BN, Singh DV, 2003. Molecular characterization of Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal isolated from water and the aquatic plant Eichhorisia Crassipes in the river Ganga, Varanasi, India. Appl Environ Microbiol 69 : 2389–2394.
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  • Received : 06 Dec 2006
  • Accepted : 25 Dec 2007

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