1921
Volume 78, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Southeast Asian macaques are natural hosts for a number of nonhuman primate malaria parasites; some of these can cause diseases in humans. We conducted a cross-sectional survey by collecting 99 blood samples from in southern Thailand. Giemsa-stained blood films showed five (5.1%) positive samples and six (6.1%) isolates had positive test results by polymerase chain reaction. A phylogenetic tree inferred from the A-type sequences of the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene confirmed in five macaques; one of these macaques was co-infected with , a hemoprotozoan parasite transmitted by , was identified in an isolate that was confirmed by analysis of mitochondrial cytochrome sequences. All malaria-infected monkeys lived in mangrove forests, but no infected monkeys were found in an urban area. These findings indicate regional differences in malaria distribution among these macaques, as well as differences in potential risk of disease transmission to humans.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.78.646
2008-04-01
2017-09-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/78/4/0780646.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.78.646&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Wolfe ND, Escalante AA, Karesh WB, Kilbourn A, Spielman A, Lal AA, 1998. Wild primate populations in emerging infectious disease research: the missing link? Emerg Infect Dis 4 : 149–158.
  2. Fooden J, 1995. Systematic review of Southeast Asian longtail macaques, Macaca fascicularis (Raffles, [1821]). Fieldiana Zoology 81 : 1–206.
  3. Malaivijitnond S, Hamada Y, Varavudhi P, Takenaka O, 2005. The current distribution and status of macaques in Thailand. Nat Hist J Chula Univ 5 : 35–45.
  4. Coatney GR, Collins WE, Warren M, Contacos PG, 2003. The Primate Malarias. (Original book published in 1971). (CD-ROM). Version 1.0. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  5. Knowles R, Das Gupta BM, 1932. A study of monkey-malaria and its experimental transmission to man. Ind Med Gaz 67 : 301–320.
  6. Coatney GR, Elder HA, Contacos PG, Getz ME, Greenland R, Rossan RN, Schmidt LH, 1961. Transmission of the M strain of Plasmodium cynomolgi to man. Am J Trop Med Hyg 10 : 673– 678.
  7. Contacos PG, Lunn JS, Coatney GR, Kilpatrick JW, Jones FE, 1963. Quartan-type malaria parasite of New World monkeys transmissible to man. Science 142 : 676.
  8. Deane LM, Deane MP, Ferreira Neto J, 1966. Studies on transmission of simian malaria and on a natural infection of man with Plasmodium simium in Brazil. Bull World Health Organ 35 : 805–808.
  9. Das Gupta BM, 1938. Transmission of P. inui to man. Proc Natl Inst Sci India 4 : 241–244.
  10. Chin W, Contacos PG, Coatney GR, Kimball HR, 1965. A naturally acquired quotidian-type malaria in man transferable to monkeys. Science 149 : 865.
  11. Fong YL, Cadigan FC, Coatney GR, 1971. A presumptive case of naturally occurring Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in man in Malaysia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 65 : 839–840.
  12. Jongwutiwes S, Putaporntip C, Iwasaki T, Sata T, Kanbara H, 2004. Naturally acquired Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in human, Thailand. Emerg Infect Dis 10 : 2211–2213.
  13. Singh B, Kim Sung L, Matusop A, Radhakrishnan A, Shamsul SS, Cox-Singh J, Thomas A, Conway DJ, 2004. A large focus of naturally acquired Plasmodium knowlesi infections in human beings. Lancet 363 : 1017–1024.
  14. Coatney GR, Chin W, Contacos PG, King HK, 1966. Plasmodium inui, a quartan-type malaria parasite of Old World monkeys transmissible to man. J Parasitol 52 : 660–663.
  15. Eyles DE, Coatney GR, Getz ME, 1960. Vivax-type parasite of macaques transmissible to man. Science 132 : 1812–1813.
  16. Morst H, 1973. Plasmodium cynomolgi malaria accidental human infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg 22 : 157–158.
  17. Cross JH, Hsu-Kuo MY, Lien JC, 1973. Accidental human infection with Plasmodium cynomolgi bastianelli. Souheast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 4 : 481–483.
  18. Thompson JD, Gibson TJ, Plewniak F, Jeanmougin F, Higgins DG, 1997. The ClustalX windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acids Res 25 : 4876–4882.
  19. Saitou N, Nei M, 1987. The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 4 : 406–425.
  20. Kimura M, 1980. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. J Mol Evol 16 : 111–120.
  21. Tamura K, Nei M, Kumar S, 2004. Prospects for inferring very large phylogenies by using the neighbor-joining method. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101 : 11030–11035.
  22. Tamura K, 1992. Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions when there are strong transition-transversion and G + C-content biases. Mol Biol Evol 9 : 678–687.
  23. Felsenstein J, 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution Int J Org Evolution 39 : 783–791.
  24. Tamura K, Dudley J, Nei M, Kumar S, 2007. MEGA4: Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0. Mol Biol Evol 24 : 1596–1599.
  25. Garnham PCC, 1966. Malaria Parasites and Other Haemosporidia. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 823–872.
  26. Gunderson JH, Sogin ML, Wollett M, Hollingdale M, de la Cruz VF, Waters AP, McCutchan TF, 1987. Structurally distinct, stage-specific ribosomes occur in Plasmodium. Science 238 : 933–937.
  27. Li J, Gutell RR, Damberger SH, Wirtz RA, Kissinger JC, Rogers MJ, Sattabongkot J, McCutchan TF, 1997. Regulation and trafficking of three distinct 18S ribosomal RNAs during development of the malaria parasite. J Mol Biol 269 : 203–213.
  28. Escalante AA, Ayala FJ, 1994. Phylogeny of the malarial genus Plasmodium, derived from rRNA gene sequences. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91 : 11373–11377.
  29. Qari SH, Shi YP, Pieniazek NJ, Collins WE, Lal AA, 1996. Phylogenetic relationship among the malaria parasites based on small subunit rRNA gene sequences: monophyletic nature of the human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum. Mol Phylogenet Evol 6 : 157–165.
  30. Kissinger JC, Collins WE, Li J, McCutchan TF, 1998. Plasmodium inui is not closely related to other quartan Plasmodium species. J Parasitol 84 : 278–282.
  31. Bruce-Chwatt LJ, 1968. Malaria zoonosis in relation to malaria eradication. Trop Geogr Med 20 : 50–87.
  32. Fooden J, 1994. Malaria in macaques. Int J Primatol 15 : 573–596.
  33. Annual Malaria Report, 2006. Bangkok, Thailand: Division of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health.
  34. Sullivan JS, Morris CL, McClure HM, Strobert E, Richardson BB, Galland GG, Goldman IF, Collins WE, 1996. Plasmodium vivax infections in chimpanzees for sporozoite challenge studies in monkeys. Am J Trop Med Hyg 55 : 344–349.
  35. Fandeur T, Volney B, Peneau C, De Thoisy B, 2000. Monkeys of the rainforest in French Guiana are natural reservoirs for P. brasilainum/P. malariae malaria. Parasitology 120 : 11–21.
  36. Snounou G, Viriyakosol S, Zhu XP, Jarra W, Pinheiro L, do Rosario VE, Thaithong S, Brown KN, 1993. High sensitivity of detection of human malaria parasites by the use of nested polymerase chain reaction. Mol Biochem Parasitol 61 : 315–320.
  37. McCutchan TF, de la Cruz VF, Lal AA, Gunderson JH, Elwood HJ, Sogin ML, 1988. Primary sequences of two small subunit ribosomal RNA genes from Plasmodium falciparum. Mol Biochem Parasitol 28 : 63–68.
  38. Perkins SL, Schall JJ, 2002. A molecular phylogeny of malarial parasites recovered from cytochrome b gene sequences. J Parasitol 88 : 972–978.
  39. Zhou G, Sirichaisinthop J, Sattabongkot J, Jones J, Bjornstad ON, Yan G, Cui L, 2005. Spatio-temporal distribution of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax malaria in Thailand. Am J Trop Med Hyg 72 : 256–262.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.78.646
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.78.646
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 15 Dec 2007
  • Accepted : 16 Jan 2008

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error