1921
Volume 78, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Oral miltefosine (2.5 mg/kg/d for 28 days) was compared with intramuscular antimony (20 mg/kg/d for 20 days) in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by in Palos Blancos, Bolivia. The cure rates with 6 months of follow-up were statistically similar: 36 of 41 evaluable miltefosine patients (88%) versus 15 of 16 (94%) evaluable antimony patients. However, antimony cured more rapidly, because, by 1 month after therapy, 31 of 44 miltefosine patients (70%) compared with 16 of 16 antimony patients (100%) had achieved cure. The two conclusions from this work are that oral miltefosine can be used for cutaneous disease in this part of Bolivia and that miltefosine was more effective for in this region than for in Guatemala. Chemotherapy needs to be evaluated in each endemic region, even if the “same” species of causes disease in these locales.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.78.210
2008-02-01
2017-09-26
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/78/2/0780210.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.78.210&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Murray HW, Berman JD, Davies CR, Saravia NG, 2005. Advances in leishmaniasis. Lancet 366 : 1561–1577.
  2. Sundar S, Jha TK, Thakur CP, Engel J, Sindermann H, Fischer C, Junge K, Bryceson A, Berman J, 2002. Oral miltefosine for Indian visceral leishmaniasis. N Engl J Med 347 : 1739–1746.
  3. Soto J, Arana BA, Toledo J, Rizzo N, Vega JC, Diaz A, Luz M, Gutierrez P, Arboleda M, Berman JD, Junge K, Engel J, Sindermann H, 2004. Miltefosine for new world cutaneous leishmaniasis. Clin Infect Dis 38 : 1266–1272.
  4. Davies CR, Reithinger R, Campbell-Lendrum D, Feliciangeli D, Borges R, Rodriguez N, 2000. The epidemiology and control of leishmaniasis in Andean countries. Cad Saude Publica 16 : 925–950.
  5. Soto J, Toledo J, Valda L, Balderrama M, Rea I, Parra R, Ardiles J, Soto P, Gomez A, Molleda F, Fuentelsaz C, Anders G, Sindermann H, Engel J, Berman J, 2007. Treatment of Bolivian mucosal leishmaniasis with miltefosine. Clin Infect Dis 44 : 350–356.
  6. Zentaris GmbH, 2004. Impavido Package Insert: Section 4.3. Frankfurt, Germany: Zentaris GmbH.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.78.210
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2008.78.210
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 25 Jun 2007
  • Accepted : 21 Oct 2007

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error