Volume 78, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


Only occasional cases of spp. infection have been reported in neonates, and these usually represent vaginal infections with acquired during passage down the birth canal. We report the case of a 2-week-old girl who was brought by her mother to the Children’s Emergency Clinic at our institution for symptoms of lethargy and poor appetite. The neonate was subsequently diagnosed with herpetic encephalitis and developed increasing respiratory difficulty, requiring intubation. Routine viral culture of a nasopharyngeal wash showed no viral organisms, but trichomonads were abundant microscopically on the viral culture medium. Molecular studies identified the organism as . The significance of this organism as a neonatal respiratory pathogen and its contribution to neonatal respiratory distress are discussed.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Guitierrez Y, 1990. Intestinal and urogenital flagellates: trichomonas. Guitierrez Y, ed. Diagnostic Pathology of Parasitic Infections with Clinical Correlations. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 13–19.
  2. Weineke A, 1997. Trichomoniasis. Conner DH, ed. Pathology of Infectious Disease. Volume II. Stamford: Appleton & Lange, 1279–1283.
  3. Graves A, Gardner WA Jr, 1993. Pathogenicity of Trichomonas vaginalis. Clin Obstet Gynecol 36 : 145–152.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Crowther IA, 1962. Trichomonas vaginitis in infancy. Lancet 1 : 1074.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Al-Salihi FL, Curran JP, Wang J, 1974. Neonatal Trichomonas vaginalis. Pediatrics 53 : 196.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Leyden E, Jaffe M, 1867. Ueber putride (fotide) Sputa nebst einigen Bemerkungen uber Lungenbrand und putride Bronchitis. Deut Arch Flin Med II : 488–519.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Walton BC, Bacharach T, 1963. Occurrence of trichomonads in the respiratory tract: report of three cases. J Parasitol 49 : 35.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Rebuhn J, 1964. Pulmonary trichomoniasis associated with a fever of unknown origin. Calif Med 100 : 443–444.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. McLaren LC, Davis LE, Healy GR, James CG, 1983. Isolation of Trichomonas vaginalis from the respiratory tract of infants with respiratory disease. Pediatrics 71 : 888–890.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hiemstra I, Van Bel F, Berger HM, 1984. Can Trichomonas vaginalis cause pneumonia in newborn babies? Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 289 : 355–356.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Press N, Chavez VM, Ticona E, Calderon M, Apolinario IS, Culotta A, Arevalo J, Gilman RH, Working Group on AIDS in Peru, 2001. Screening for sexually transmitted diseases in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients in Peru reveals an absence of Chlamydia trachomatis and identifies Trichomonas vaginalis in pharyngeal specimens. Clin Infect Dis 32 : 808–814.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Temesvari P, Kerekes A, Tege A, Szarka K, 2002. Demonstration of Trichomonas vaginalis in tracheal aspirates in infants with early respiratory failure. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 11 : 347–349.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Duboucher C, Noel C, Durand-Joly I, Gerbod D, Delgado-Viscogliosi P, Jouveshomme S, Leclerc C, Cartolano GL, Dei-Cas E, Capron M, Viscogliosi E, 2003. Pulmonary coinfection by Trichomonas vaginalis and Pneumocystis sp. as a novel manifestation of AIDS. Hum Pathol 34 : 508–511.
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 02 Oct 2007
  • Accepted : 23 Oct 2007

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error