Volume 77, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


The principal malaria vector in Africa, contains two pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes. The Y chromosome is only associated with males and other Y chromosome–specific DNA sequences, which are transferred to women during mating. A reliable tool to determine the mating status of dried wild females is currently lacking. DNA was extracted from dried virgin and mated females and used to test whether Y chromosome–specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) markers can be successfully amplified and used as a predictor of mating. Here we report a new PCR-based method to determine the mating status among successfully inseminated and virgin wild females, using three male-specific primers. This dissection-free method has the potential to facilitate studies of both population demographics and gene flow from dried mosquito samples routinely collected in epidemiologic monitoring and aid existing and new malaria-vector control approaches.


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  • Received : 31 Jan 2007
  • Accepted : 30 Apr 2007

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