1921
Volume 77, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Human neurotrichinellosis is seldom reported. This is likely the result of the low incidence of parasites from the genus in the United States domestic food supply, as well as difficulties in diagnosing the disease, especially when neither the organism nor the source of the infection are readily available. Although trichinellosis from domestic food supplies has been decreasing for many years, a resurgence has occurred in cases derived from the consumption of wild game. We report a rare case of neurotrichinellosis in the United States and implicate wild game as the source of the infection. These results suggest that clinicians should consider the potential for infection in cases where wild game is common in the diets of the patients.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2007.77.347
2007-08-01
2017-11-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/77/2/0770347.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2007.77.347&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Pozio E, 2005. The broad spectrum of Trichinella hosts: from cold- to warm-blooded animals. Vet Parasitol 132 : 3–11.
  2. Pozio E, Zarlenga DS, 2005. Recent advances on the taxonomy, systematics and epidemiology of Trichinella. Int J Parasitol 35 : 1191–1204.
  3. Roy SL, Lopez AS, Schantz PM, 2003. Trichinellosis surveillance – United States, 1997–2001. MMWR Surveill Summ 52 : 1–8.
  4. Clausen MR, Meyer CN, Krantz T, Moser C, Gomme G, Kayser L, Albrectsen J, Kapel CM, Bygbjerg IC, 1996. Trichinella infection and clinical disease. QJM 89 : 631–636.
  5. Bruschi F, Murrell KD, 2002. New aspects of human trichinellosis: the impact of new Trichinella species. Postgrad Med J 78 : 15–22.
  6. Pozio E, Varese P, Morales MA, Croppo GP, Pelliccia D, Bruschi F, 1993. Comparison of human trichinellosis caused by Trichinella spiralis and by Trichinella britovi. Am J Trop Med Hyg 48 : 568–575.
  7. Dupouy-Camet J, Kociecka W, Bruschi F, Bolas-Fernandez F, Pozio E, 2002. Opinion on the diagnosis and treatment of human trichinellosis. Expert Opin Pharmacother 3 : 1117–1130.
  8. Zarlenga DS, Chute MB, Martin A, Kapel CM, 1999. A multiplex PCR for unequivocal differentiation of all encapsulated and non-encapsulated genotypes of Trichinella. Int J Parasitol 29 : 1859–1867.
  9. Taratuto AL, Venturiello SM, 1997. Trichinosis. Brain Pathol 7 : 663–672.
  10. Gelal F, Kumral E, Vidinli BD, Erdogan D, Yucel K, Erdogan N, 2005. Diffusion-weighted and conventional MR imaging in neurotrichinosis. Acta Radiol 46 : 196–199.
  11. de Graef M, Smadja P, Benis J, Turpin F, Liouane M, Viaud B, Ruffie P, Bourbotte G, Bonafe A, 2000. Neurotrichinosis: a case report with MRI evaluation. J Radiol 81 : 817–819.
  12. Feydy A, Touze E, Miaux Y, Bolgert F, Martin-Duverneuil N, Laplane D, Chiras J, 1996. MRI in a case of neurotrichinosis. Neuroradiology 38 (Suppl 1): S80–S82.
  13. Capo V, Despommier DD, 1996. Clinical aspects of infection with Trichinella spp. Clin Microbiol Rev 9 : 47–54.
  14. Fourestie V, Douceron H, Brugieres P, Ancelle T, Lejonc JL, Gherardi RK, 1993. Neurotrichinosis. A cerebrovascular disease associated with myocardial injury and hypereosinophilia. Brain 116 : 603–616.
  15. Knezevic K, Turkulov V, Canak G, Lalosevic V, Tomic S, 2001. Neurotrichinosis. Med Pregl 54 : 483–485.
  16. Ryczak M, Sorber WA, Kandora TF, Camp CJ, Rose FB, 1987. Difficulties in diagnosing Trichinella encephalitis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 36 : 573–575.
  17. Karlikaya G, Çiftçi B, Bulut H, Orken C, Tireli H, 2005. Neurotrichinosis. A case report from Turkey. J Neurol Sci (Turkish) 22 : 075–078.
  18. Hill DE, Gamble HR, Zarlenga DS, Coss C, Finnigan J, 2005. Trichinella nativa in a black bear from Plymouth, New Hampshire. Vet Parasitol 132 : 143–146.
  19. Dworkin MS, Gamble HR, Zarlenga DS, Tennican PO, 1996. Outbreak of trichinellosis associated with eating cougar jerky. J Infect Dis 174 : 663–666.
  20. Pozio E, 2000. The domestic, synanthropic and sylvatic cycles of Trichinella and the flow among them. Vet Parasitol 93 : 241– 262.
  21. Worley DE, Zarlenga DS, Seesee FM, 1990. Freezing resistance of a Trichinella spiralis nativa isolate from a gray wolf, Canis lupus, with observations on genetic and biological characteristics of the biotype. J Helminthol Soc Wash 57 : 57–60.
  22. Despommier D, 2003. Toxocariasis: clinical aspects, epidemiology, medical ecology, and molecular aspects. Clin Microbiol Rev 16 : 265–272.
  23. Gavin PJ, Kazacos KR, Shulman ST, 2005. Baylisascariasis. Clin Microbiol Rev 18 : 703–718.
  24. Sellal F, Picard F, Mutschler V, Marescaux C, Collard M, Magnaval JF, 1992. Myelitis caused by Toxocara canis (larva migrans). Rev Neurol 148 : 53–55.
  25. Duprez TP, Bigaignon G, Delgrange E, Desfontaines P, Hermans M, Vervoort T, Sindic CJ, Buysschaert M, 1996. MRI of cervical cord lesions and their resolution in Toxocara canis myelopathy. Neuroradiology 38 : 792–795.
  26. Kazacos KR, 2001. Baylisascaris procyonis and related species. Samuel WM, Pybus MJ, Cawthorn RJ, eds. Parasitic Diseases of Wild Mammals. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 301–341.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2007.77.347
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2007.77.347
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 13 Mar 2007
  • Accepted : 18 Apr 2007

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error